Pain (Patient Counselling Guide)
05 Jun 2020
Pain, simply defined, is an unpleasant sensation or a symptom occurring in various degrees of severity as a result of an injury, a disease or an emotional disorder. The degree to which pain is felt and how one reacts to it are the result of one’s own biological, physiological and cultural makeup, as well as past encounters with a painful injury or illness, which could influence one’s sensitivity to pain. Pain may affect various parts of the body from the head down to the feet. There are two basic types of pain: acute and chronic. Acute pain is often triggered by tissue damage and is seen in illnesses, injuries or surgery. It may be mild and may last for a moment, or severe and last for weeks or months. Chronic pain lingers even after an injury has healed. Pain is often termed as chronic if it lasts for more than 6 months and may manifest as a tingling, jolting, burning, dull or sharp sensation. Examples of conditions that result in pain are headache, migraine, arthritis, other joint problems, body ache, bruises, toothache and menstrual periods. In some cases, pain is experienced along with inflammation or swelling.
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