Most Read Articles
13 Jul 2020
Deep vein thrombosis or atrial fibrillation patients with a non-O blood type appear to require higher warfarin doses, a recent study has found.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 22 Jun 2019
Nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) perform better than warfarin for stroke prevention in Asian patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) and supranormal renal function, according to a study.
05 Jun 2020
Fungal infections are generally mild and commonly affect the outer layer of the skin, nails and hair. Fungi that commonly cause infections include dermatophytes (eg, tinea), yeasts (eg, candida) and molds.
Pearl Toh, 6 days ago
The direct oral anticoagulant apixaban may help prevent deaths when given at prophylactic or therapeutic doses in hospitalized COVID-19 patients with elevated D-dimer levels, according to an analysis presented during the ISTH 2020 Congress.

Oral Care (Patient Counselling Guide)

05 Jun 2020
In general, the health of the teeth, gums and oral cavity is greatly influenced by how much a person practices proper dental care and good oral hygiene. Improper oral care can bring about several dental problems including toothache, tooth decay, biting problems, bad breath, crooked teeth and sensitive teeth. The primary purpose of oral care is to help remove the harmful dental plaque (sticky, colorless film of bacteria) from the teeth and gums because its accumulation can lead to tooth decay and gum disease. Tooth decay is a condition wherein the tooth breaks down leading to the formation of a cavity. It starts with a hole or opening in the enamel(outer layer of the exposed tooth) which, if left untreated, can progress to toothache and gum problems eg, inflammation and swelling, and eventually tooth loss. Periodontal (gum) disease eg, gingivitis and gum boil, is the major cause of tooth loss in adults. As the gum becomes inflamed due to pressure on the gum line caused by a tartar (hardened plaque), it may bleed and this is known as gingivitis. If untreated, the infection spreads to the bone supporting the tooth. Pus (a thick, whitish-yellow fluid) is then formed, the bone begins to erode, and eventually the tooth may be lost. This condition is called periodontitis or pyorrhea. Halitosis or bad breath is another common problem. Although bad breath may be due to poor oral hygiene, it can also indicate a major problem eg, a developing gum disease or intestinal disorder. A particular group of anaerobic bacteria that live under the surface of the tongue are responsible for bad breath. These bacteria, under suitable conditions eg, food debris in the mouth, release sulfur which is responsible for bad breath.

* Click below to view the Patient Counselling Guide in Thai
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Most Read Articles
13 Jul 2020
Deep vein thrombosis or atrial fibrillation patients with a non-O blood type appear to require higher warfarin doses, a recent study has found.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 22 Jun 2019
Nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) perform better than warfarin for stroke prevention in Asian patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) and supranormal renal function, according to a study.
05 Jun 2020
Fungal infections are generally mild and commonly affect the outer layer of the skin, nails and hair. Fungi that commonly cause infections include dermatophytes (eg, tinea), yeasts (eg, candida) and molds.
Pearl Toh, 6 days ago
The direct oral anticoagulant apixaban may help prevent deaths when given at prophylactic or therapeutic doses in hospitalized COVID-19 patients with elevated D-dimer levels, according to an analysis presented during the ISTH 2020 Congress.