Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 05 Apr 2019

An additional benefit of weight loss among individuals with obesity may be the reduction in severity and frequency of migraines, a study presented at ENDO 2019 showed.

05 Feb 2018
Multifaceted vestibular-related rehabilitation programmes appear to improve balance, fatigue and dizziness in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), regardless of lesion involvement, a recent study has shown.
11 Dec 2016
Re-engagement of central and peripheral circuitry involved in motor execution can reduce phantom limb pain via competitive plasticity and reversal of cortical reorganization, according to a new study.

Older age, arrhythmia predict impaired processing speed in stroke survivors

11 Feb 2019

Impaired processing speed (IPS) in stroke survivors may persist long after the index event, a study reports. Some of the baseline factors that predict IPS include older age, arrhythmia, previous stroke and coronary artery disease.

Researchers assessed IPS using the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) 4 years after stroke in a cohort of 133 survivors (mean age 67.0 years). Baseline factors potentially associated with IPS were determined at time of stroke and/or within 2 weeks of the acute event.

Long-term IPS was highly prevalent, with 62 percent of survivors having a mean SDMT score <40 at 4 years after stroke.

Multivariable regression models revealed the following baseline variables as significant predictors of long-term IPS: arrhythmia (odds ratio [OR], 4.40; 95 percent CI, 1.5–12.4; p=0.01), coronary artery disease (OR, 3.35; 1.6–9.6; p=0.01), older age (OR, 3.03; 0.9–9.3; p=0.05), previous stroke (OR, 2.74; 1.0–7.4; p=0.05), cholesterol (OR, 2.72; 1.3–5.4; p=0.01) and hypertension (OR, 1.82; 0.9–3.6; p=0.05).

Findings of the present study may aid in identification of stroke patients who are at higher risk of IPS, researchers said. Early identification is especially important to target rehabilitation interventions and improve overall outcomes.

IPS affects up to 70 percent of stroke survivors and exerts a huge influence on poststroke cognitive dysfunction, leading to a poor quality of life and increased dependence on others, they added.

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 05 Apr 2019

An additional benefit of weight loss among individuals with obesity may be the reduction in severity and frequency of migraines, a study presented at ENDO 2019 showed.

05 Feb 2018
Multifaceted vestibular-related rehabilitation programmes appear to improve balance, fatigue and dizziness in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), regardless of lesion involvement, a recent study has shown.
11 Dec 2016
Re-engagement of central and peripheral circuitry involved in motor execution can reduce phantom limb pain via competitive plasticity and reversal of cortical reorganization, according to a new study.