Most Read Articles
16 May 2019
Empagliflozin treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus exerts beneficial effects on cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, including blood pressure and uric acid, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Pearl Toh, 17 May 2019
Metformin continues to protect high-risk individuals from developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) over 15 years, especially among those with higher glycaemic status at baseline and women reporting a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to long-term results from DPP/DPPOS*.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 4 days ago
One anastomosis gastric bypass is as effective as the standard Roux-en-Y procedure in terms of weight loss and metabolic improvements 24 months after the surgery, according to the results of the open-label YOMEGA trial.
16 May 2019
Due to the increasing global prevalence of obesity, older adults may live more years of their remaining life with limited physical function and activities in daily living (ADLs), according to a study, adding that older adults, their families and healthcare systems should be aware of this problem.

Obesity tied to poor tertiary education outcomes

03 Dec 2018
The obesity epidemic hits Malaysia hard with cardiovascular disease occurring during younger ages.

Compelling evidence indicates weight bias, in which obese students appear to do less well in tertiary education than their healthy weight peers, according to a systematic review. University/college attainment appears to be less impacted by socioeconomic factors than school-based achievement.

“A better understanding of the processes that underpin this weight bias is needed, including stakeholder (student, staff) experiences of weight stigma, perceived or enacted,” the authors said. “Responsive actions could mirror those to address disability or gender bias, or in health promotion in tertiary education settings.”

Several databases, including Embase, Global health, ERIC, Medline, PsychInfo and Science Citation Index, were searched in March 2018 for cross-sectional and longitudinal studies that reported on young people aged 16 years, an association between obesity and academic achievement, and a comparison to healthy weight students. Criteria from the STROBE checklist was used to assess risk of bias.

A total of 1,297 records were identified, of which 16 studies were included. Six cross-sectional and eight of 10 longitudinal studies reported lower educational achievement by students with obesity. There was a low risk of bias in all longitudinal studies, but four cross-sectional studies were at medium risk and two at high risk of bias.

Reduced enrolment was reported in three of four studies. Graduation was less likely in six out of eight, and all six studies reporting on performance showed this was lower in those with obesity. In five of nine studies, obesity was shown to have greater impact on educational achievement for women.

“Previous reviews have documented an overall weak or uncertain association between obesity and school-based educational attainment in children and young people. However, up to half of young adults will go on to further college or university education by age 30 years,” the authors noted.

Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Endocrinology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
16 May 2019
Empagliflozin treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus exerts beneficial effects on cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, including blood pressure and uric acid, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Pearl Toh, 17 May 2019
Metformin continues to protect high-risk individuals from developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) over 15 years, especially among those with higher glycaemic status at baseline and women reporting a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to long-term results from DPP/DPPOS*.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 4 days ago
One anastomosis gastric bypass is as effective as the standard Roux-en-Y procedure in terms of weight loss and metabolic improvements 24 months after the surgery, according to the results of the open-label YOMEGA trial.
16 May 2019
Due to the increasing global prevalence of obesity, older adults may live more years of their remaining life with limited physical function and activities in daily living (ADLs), according to a study, adding that older adults, their families and healthcare systems should be aware of this problem.