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Tristan Manalac, 11 Jul 2018
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Obesity, overweight not linked to acute respiratory hospitalizations

07 Mar 2018

There appears to be no association between overweight or obesity status and the risk of hospitalization during winter respiratory seasons in both adults and children, a recent study has shown.

The study included individuals ≥2 years of age who had fever and/or acute respiratory symptoms over four winter respiratory symptoms. The primary outcome of hospitalization, along with secondary outcomes such as antibiotic prescription and length of stay, were predicted using multivariable logistic regression.

The cohort included 3,560 patients, of whom 749 were children and 2,811 were adults. The overall prevalence of overweight and obesity were 24.2 percent (21.0 percent children; 25.0 percent adults) and 36.4 percent (23.0 percent children; 40.0 percent adults), respectively.

In children, multivariate logistic regression showed that there was no significant association between overweight (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 0.7; 95 percent CI, 0.4–1.3) or obesity (adjusted OR, 1.2; 0.7–2.0) status and hospital admissions.

The secondary outcomes were also unrelated to weight status. Neither overweight nor obesity increased the likelihood of length of stay >2 days (adjusted OR, 1.5; 0.4–5.1 and adjusted OR, 0.7; 0.3–1.9), antibiotic prescription (adjusted OR, 0.7; 0.5–1.2 and adjusted OR, 0.8; 0.6–1.3) and oxygen requirement (adjusted OR, 0.5; 0.2–1.7 and adjusted OR, 1.3; 0.5–3.3).

The same general trend was observed for adults, except for those with class 3 obesity who were at a significantly higher risk of oxygen requirement (adjusted OR, 1.6; 1.1–2.5).

In contrast, the likelihood of the primary outcome was slightly lower in overweight patients (adjusted OR, 0.8; 0.6–1.0) and those with class 1 (adjusted OR, 0.7; 0.5–1.0) or 2 (adjusted OR, 0.6; 0.4–0.8) obesity.

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Most Read Articles
Tristan Manalac, 11 Jul 2018
Gestational exposure to grain products fortified with folic acid appears to be linked to a lower risk of psychosis in offspring, according to a recent study.
Pearl Toh, 10 Jul 2018
A dual-hormone artificial pancreas (DAP) with a rapid delivery of insulin and pramlintide in a fixed ratio improves glycaemic control and reduces glucose variability in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) compared with first-generation artificial pancreas delivering insulin alone, according to a study presented at ADA 2018.
4 days ago
Chocolate consumption is not associated with risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke or both combined in postmenopausal women free of pre-existing major chronic disease, a study suggests.
Pearl Toh, 5 days ago
More intensive lowering of LDL-C levels was associated with a progressively greater survival benefit than less intensive approach, when the baseline LDL-C levels were ≥100 mg/dL, reveals a meta-analysis of 34 randomized trials.