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Mindfulness-based intervention improves depressive symptoms in girls at risk of T2D

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A mindfulness-based intervention is acceptable, feasible and more effective than cognitive-behavioural programmes in reducing depressive symptoms in girls with depressive symptoms and at risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), reveals a new study.

The study included 33 overweight or obese female adolescents with mild to moderate depressive symptoms randomized to receive either the mindfulness-based intervention (n=17; mean age 15.01±1.68 years) or cognitive-behavioural therapy (n=16; mean age 14.97±1.75 years).

Mindfulness, measured by the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), improved in the mindfulness intervention group both at post-treatment (0.87±0.22) and at 6 months (0.83±0.23).

Similar increases, although smaller in magnitude, were observed in the cognitive-behavioural therapy group at post-treatment (0.56±0.20) and at 6 months (0.79±0.21).

Depressive and anxiety symptoms in the mindfulness intervention group were reduced at post-treatment (-11.34±1.36 and -5.37±1.34, respectively) and at 6 months (-8.25±1.67 and -6.39±1.33, respectively).

Decreases in depressive and anxiety symptoms were also observed at post-treatment (-7.45±1.35 and -4.45±1.30, respectively) and at 6 months (-8.25±1.67 and -6.39±1.33, respectively) in the cognitive-behavioural group, but the reductions were lower in magnitude compared with that achieved with the mindfulness intervention.

Post-treatment reductions in fasting insulin levels for the mindfulness intervention group were significantly greater than in the cognitive-behavioural therapy group. Levels for the two groups at 6 months (p=0.34) were not significantly different.

Acceptability was high and was not significantly different between the two groups.

Selected participants were at high risk of T2D and were received either cognitive-behavioural therapy or mindfulness therapy, which included interactive activities and discussions to improve mindfulness in participants.

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Most Read Articles
Stephen Padilla, 23 hours ago
Treatment with oral thrombopoietin receptor agonist eltrombopag leads to similar platelet counts in patients with chronic immune thrombocytopaenia (cITP) and persistent (per)ITP, according to the results of phase III (EXTEND) and IV studies presented at the 23rd Congress of the European Hematology Association (EHA 2018) held in Stockholm, Sweden.
Pearl Toh, 3 days ago
Lonely people were twice as likely to die from any cause than people who did not feel lonely, according to a study based on a national survey presented at the recent EuroHeartCare 2018 in Dublin, Ireland. Also, loneliness is associated with poorer patient-reported outcomes in terms of mental and physical health in patients with heart disease.
6 days ago
Higher activity of plasma xanthine oxidase appears to be linked to insulin resistance and liver dysfunction among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS), according to a recent Japan study.
15 Jun 2018
Use of quetiapine among critically ill patients rarely leads to corrected QT (QTc) interval prolongation, reports a new study.