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Pearl Toh, 16 hours ago
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Roshini Claire Anthony, 12 Oct 2020

Insulin icodec, an in-development basal insulin analogue administered once weekly, was as effective as once-daily insulin glargine in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) insufficiently controlled with metformin with or without a DPP-4* inhibitor, according to a phase II trial presented at EASD 2020.

Metformin use in obese mothers improves cardiovascular profile in offspring

17 Aug 2020

Prenatal exposure to metformin is associated with lower central haemodynamic and cardiac diastolic indices among children of obese mothers, a study has found.

A total of 151 children aged 3.9±1.0 years were included, of whom 77 had been exposed to metformin prenatally. No significant difference was seen in peripheral blood pressure, arterial stiffness, and body composition, except for gluteal and tricep circumference, which were lower in those exposed to metformin (p<0.05)

Children of obese mothers who were exposed to metformin, compared to placebo, had lower central haemodynamics (mean adjusted decrease, –0.707 mm Hg for aortic systolic blood pressure, –1.65 mm Hg for aortic pulse pressure, and –2.68 percent for augmentation index; pall<0.05) and lower left ventricular diastolic function (adjusted difference in left atrial area, –0.525 cm2; in isovolumic relaxation time, –0.324 msec; and in pulmonary venous systolic wave, 2.97 cm/s; pall<0.05).

No significant between-group differences were observed in metabolic profile.

“These results suggest that the administration of metformin in obese pregnant women potentially may have a beneficial cardiovascular effect for their offspring,” the investigators said.

This study measured body composition, peripheral blood pressure, and arterial pulse wave velocity in children from the Metformin in Obese Pregnant Women trial. An oscillometric device was used to estimate central haemodynamics (central blood pressure and augmentation index). Left ventricular cardiac function and structure were evaluated by echocardiography.

“Maternal obesity increases the risk for pregnancy complications and adverse neonatal outcome and has been associated with long-lasting adverse effects in the offspring, including increased body fat mass, insulin resistance, and increased risk for premature cardiovascular disease,” the investigators noted.

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Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 16 hours ago
The combination therapy comprising carfilzomib, cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone (KCd) is effective, with a tolerable safety profile, in an Asian cohort with high-risk multiple myeloma (MM) — thus providing a more economical alternative as a potential upfront regimen in resource-limited settings, according to leading experts during a myeloma education webinar.
Audrey Abella, 2 days ago
Extremes of sleep duration (≤5 or ≥10 hours/day), which is a known mortality risk factor in the general population, may increase absolute mortality in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D), a prospective study has shown.
Pearl Toh, 21 Sep 2020
Early and sustained treatments with simplified regimen are the key to achieving good asthma control, said experts during a presentation at the ERS 2020 Congress.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 12 Oct 2020

Insulin icodec, an in-development basal insulin analogue administered once weekly, was as effective as once-daily insulin glargine in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) insufficiently controlled with metformin with or without a DPP-4* inhibitor, according to a phase II trial presented at EASD 2020.