Most Read Articles
13 Aug 2019
Individuals with obesity are at an elevated risk of developing infections, particularly that of the skin in both men and women, and those of the gastrointestinal and urinary tracts and sepsis in women only, according to a study.
5 days ago
An increase in intensive care unit (ICU) management and bacterial pneumonia development occurs in children with special risk medical conditions (SRMC), but a rise in the probability of death or need for mechanical ventilation remains inconsistent, suggests a recent study.
Pearl Toh, 30 Aug 2019
Oral amoxicillin–clavulanate effectively promotes resolution of nonsevere acute exacerbations in children with non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis, thus confirming the role of amoxicillin–clavulanate as first-line treatment for bronchiectasis, according to results from the three-arm BEST-1 study.

Meteorological factors can forecast HFMD incidence

26 Mar 2019

Factors such as temperature and humidity appear to influence the incidence of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in Asia, a study has found.

Researchers conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that examined the impact of meteorological factors (eg, temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, rainfall, atmospheric pressure and/or sunshine) on HFMD outbreaks. The meta-analysis included 72 studies, of which 67 examined temperature, 54 examined humidity and 24 examined precipitation. Most of the studies were conducted in China; others were from Japan, Vietnam, South Korea, Singapore and Thailand.

Pooled data revealed a statistically significant association between HFMD incidence and both temperature (61 of 67 studies [91.0 percent] reported a positive relationship; p=0.0001) and relative humidity (41 of 54 studies [75.9 percent]; p=0.0001).

Most countries reported a single peak of HFMD each year—early summer, most commonly. On the other hand, subtropical and tropical climate zones were highly likely to experience two peaks a year: late spring and early summer, with a smaller peak in autumn.

There was no significant relationship identified for precipitation, wind speed and/or sunshine.

The findings suggest that the rising global incidence of HFMD, particularly in Pacific Asia, may be connected to climate change, researchers said. Weather forecasting might be used effectively in the future to indicate the risk of HFMD outbreaks and the subsequent need for targeted public health interventions.

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Most Read Articles
13 Aug 2019
Individuals with obesity are at an elevated risk of developing infections, particularly that of the skin in both men and women, and those of the gastrointestinal and urinary tracts and sepsis in women only, according to a study.
5 days ago
An increase in intensive care unit (ICU) management and bacterial pneumonia development occurs in children with special risk medical conditions (SRMC), but a rise in the probability of death or need for mechanical ventilation remains inconsistent, suggests a recent study.
Pearl Toh, 30 Aug 2019
Oral amoxicillin–clavulanate effectively promotes resolution of nonsevere acute exacerbations in children with non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis, thus confirming the role of amoxicillin–clavulanate as first-line treatment for bronchiectasis, according to results from the three-arm BEST-1 study.