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Metabolic syndrome implicated in hidradenitis suppurativa

06 Jul 2019

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) carries about a twofold increased likelihood of having metabolic syndrome, according to the results of a meta-analysis.

Researchers searched multiple online databases for studies comparing patients with HS vs non-HS controls. All studies must have included either the number of patients with metabolic syndrome in each group or the magnitude of association between HS and metabolic syndrome.

The meta-analysis included six case–control studies, all of which had moderate level of evidence, with total scores on the Newcastle-Ottawa scale ranging between 6 and 7 out of 9.

Pooled data revealed metabolic syndrome to be significantly more common in the HS group than in the control group (odds ratio [OR], 1.95, 95 percent CI, 1.31–2.89; p=0.001; I2, 81 percent). The association between HS and metabolic syndrome persisted even after controlling for age, sex, other cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidities (OR, 2.19, 1.70–2.81; p<0.00001; I2, 32 percent).

While it remains to be established whether there exists a causal relationship—whether the chronic inflammatory nature of HS can trigger development of metabolic syndrome or whether associated features of metabolic syndrome predispose patients to develop HS—the researchers postulated that metabolic syndrome-related obesity may predispose to HS via follicular occlusion and the significantly higher amount of adipose cells, which produce inflammatory cytokines.

Nevertheless, the researchers stressed that clinicians managing patients with HS should be aware of the condition’s potential association with metabolic syndrome.

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Most Read Articles
18 May 2020
Immobilization or disuse of the forearm leads to impairment in the ability of a protein-rich meal to promote positive muscle amino acid balance, which is aggravated by dietary lipid oversupply, suggests a study. Disuse also lowers postprandial forearm amino acid uptake, but this is not exacerbated under high-fat conditions.
18 May 2020
Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) are more effective than basal insulin in the management of total (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), reveals a recent study.
17 May 2020
Increased coffee consumption among regular drinkers is associated with higher estimated glomerular filtration rate and confers protection against the risk of chronic kidney disease stages G3–G5 and albuminuria, as shown in a study.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 16 May 2020
Excess weight, greater abdominal fat, inflammation and low physical performance can all contribute to insulin resistance in middle-age Singaporean women, and these variables explain why the condition is more common among women of Chinese than Malay and Indian ethnicities, a study has found.