Most Read Articles
05 Jun 2020
Fungal infections are generally mild and commonly affect the outer layer of the skin, nails and hair. Fungi that commonly cause infections include dermatophytes (eg, tinea), yeasts (eg, candida) and molds.
25 Jun 2020
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition which develops when reflux of stomach contents causes troublesome symptoms and/or complications.1 Audrey Abella speaks with Dr Tan Chi Chiu, gastroenterologist and senior consultant, Gastroenterology & Medicine International at Gleneagles Medical Centre, Singapore, to discuss how GERD can be addressed in the primary care setting.

Memory Decline (Patient Counselling Guide)

05 Jun 2020
Memory is a term used to describe the cognitive mechanism by which information is acquired, retained, and recalled. Mild changes in memory occur as a person grows old. Memory decline, or mild forgetfulness, that occurs as a part of the normal aging process is also referred to as Age-Related Memory Decline, Age-Associated Memory Impairment, Age-Related Memory Loss, or Late Life Forgetfulness. Memory problems due to aging may result from the physical changes in the brain and not from a neurological disorder. The hippocampus, a part of the brain involved in the formation and retrieval of memories, often deteriorates with age. Hormones and proteins that repair and protect brain cells and stimulate nerve growth also decline with age. Decreased blood flow to the brain also occurs in older people, which can impair memory and lead to changes in cognitive skills. Memory has various forms eg, remote memory, procedural memory (performing tasks), semantic recall (general knowledge), and recent memory. However, Age-Related Memory Decline only affects recent memory (learning and recalling new information) in persons >50 years of age. Other causes of memory problems include stress, depression, dementia, dehydration, sleep apnea, thyroid problems, vitamin B12 deficiency, stroke, head injury, brain tumor, infection, medication side effects and alcoholism. Memory loss not related to aging may require immediate medical attention.

* Click below to view the Patient Counselling Guide in Thai
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Most Read Articles
05 Jun 2020
Fungal infections are generally mild and commonly affect the outer layer of the skin, nails and hair. Fungi that commonly cause infections include dermatophytes (eg, tinea), yeasts (eg, candida) and molds.
25 Jun 2020
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition which develops when reflux of stomach contents causes troublesome symptoms and/or complications.1 Audrey Abella speaks with Dr Tan Chi Chiu, gastroenterologist and senior consultant, Gastroenterology & Medicine International at Gleneagles Medical Centre, Singapore, to discuss how GERD can be addressed in the primary care setting.