Most Read Articles
18 Sep 2019
Mortality, length of stay (LOS) and hospital charges are significantly higher in chronic liver disease (CLD) patients with fractures, a recent study has shown. These findings are also associated with increased infection, bleeding and poorer wound healing.
01 Aug 2017
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 16 - 30 June 2017 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 04 Oct 2017

Using a reduced computed tomography (CT) dose to diagnose appendicitis in adolescents and young adults does not appear to affect clinical outcomes, and could potentially reduce the long-term risk of radiation-related cancers, according to results of the LOCAT* trial. 

22 Sep 2019
Oral supplementation with the gut commensal bacterium Akkermansia muciniphila safely improves several metabolic parameters in overweight or obese adults, as shown in a proof-of-concept study.

Medication burden, poor health literacy tied to inadequate bowel preparation

06 Oct 2019

Poor health literacy, functional status and number of daily medications are significantly associated with inadequate bowel preparation, which is a problem that accounts for the reduced yield of screening and increased healthcare cost, according to a study in a tertiary care setting.

A cross-sectional survey was performed in patients undergoing outpatient colonoscopy within the Johns Hopkins Health System to identify factors impacting the quality of bowel preparation.

Inadequate bowel preparation was defined as a Boston Bowel Preparation Score (BBPS) of <5. The strength of the association for selected factors with a BBPS <5 was assessed using Fisher’s exact, χ2 tests, and univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression.

A total of 467 patients (76.3 percent response rate) completed the survey between August 2017 and October 2017. The median BBPS was 7. Of the participants, 81.4 percent had an adequate bowel preparation (BBPS ≥5).

Factors associated with bowel preparation adequacy were as follows: level of education, health literacy, functional status, income and medication burden.

After adjusting for other factors, inadequate bowel preparation was significantly associated with poor confidence in filling forms (odds ratio [OR], 24.1; p<0.001), multiple daily prescription medications (OR, 12.49; p=0.02) and poor functional status (OR, 2.82; p=0.03).

“Inadequate bowel preparation is encountered in 17–32 percent of colonoscopies performed in the US,” the authors said. “Suboptimal colonic visualization reduces the yield of screening colonoscopies and increases healthcare costs because of longer procedure times and aborted procedures.”

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Most Read Articles
18 Sep 2019
Mortality, length of stay (LOS) and hospital charges are significantly higher in chronic liver disease (CLD) patients with fractures, a recent study has shown. These findings are also associated with increased infection, bleeding and poorer wound healing.
01 Aug 2017
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 16 - 30 June 2017 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 04 Oct 2017

Using a reduced computed tomography (CT) dose to diagnose appendicitis in adolescents and young adults does not appear to affect clinical outcomes, and could potentially reduce the long-term risk of radiation-related cancers, according to results of the LOCAT* trial. 

22 Sep 2019
Oral supplementation with the gut commensal bacterium Akkermansia muciniphila safely improves several metabolic parameters in overweight or obese adults, as shown in a proof-of-concept study.