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Maltreatment during childhood ups risk of suicide attempts during adolescence

16 May 2018
Children subjected to corporal punishment are at higher risk of depression, alcohol and drug abuse and psychological maladjustment.

Maltreatment during childhood increases the likelihood of single or multiple attempts of suicide during late adolescence, a recent China study has shown. Moreover, sleep disturbances appear to have a moderating role in this phenomenon.

Each point increase in the physical abuse (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.12; 95 percent CI, 1.10–1.14), emotional abuse (aOR, 1.08; 1.07–1.09), sexual abuse (aOR, 1.08; 1.06–1.11), physical neglect (aOR, 1.08; 1.07–1.10) and emotional neglect (aOR, 1.09; 1.07–1.10; p<0.001 for all) subscales of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire was significantly associated with a higher likelihood of a single suicide attempt.

A similar effect was observed for multiple suicide attempts: physical abuse (aOR, 1.23; 1.19–1.26), emotional abuse (aOR, 1.12; 1.10–1.14), sexual abuse (aOR, 1.22; 1.20–1.25), physical neglect (aOR, 1.17; 1.14–1.20) and emotional neglect (aOR, 1.11; 1.08–1.13; p<0.001 for all).

Sleep disturbance was likewise associated with both a single (aOR, 2.74; 2.47–3.04) and multiple (aOR, 2.98; 2.45–3.61; p<0.001 for both) suicide attempts. Sleep disturbance was also found to be a significant interactor in the relationships between a single suicide attempt and each type of childhood maltreatment.

“Based on the findings of our study, childhood maltreatment and suicide attempts among adolescents should be a matter of concern for public health authorities in China, and the establishment of a proper active surveillance system to supervise these risk behaviors for adolescents is recommended,” said researchers.

For the study, researchers analysed 75,715 questionnaire responses of adolescents who were at least 16 years of age. In this sample, majority had had no suicide attempts (n=73,359; mean age 16.6±1.2 years), 1,790 had attempted suicide once (mean age 16.4±1.1 years) and 566 had attempted twice (mean age 16.5±1.4 years).

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Most Read Articles
09 Jan 2019
Despite comparable efficacies, triamcinolone injections appear to be slightly superior over 5-fluorouracil injections for inducing keloid remission, a recent trial has found.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 5 days ago
Use of standard-dose aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) appears to confer protection against the risk of endometrial cancer in overweight and obese women, according to a meta-analysis.
Tristan Manalac, 5 days ago
Less than 15 percent of Singaporean adolescents get the recommended 8–10 hours of sleep on a school night, reports a recent study, noting that such short sleep duration is linked to symptoms of depression, overweight or obesity, and poorer self-rated health.
04 Jan 2019
Obstructive sleep apnoea may increase the risk of male-pattern baldness in men with a family history of hair loss, and this association appears to be mediated by low serum transferrin saturation levels related to hypoxia, a study suggests.