Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 11 Sep 2019

Beta-blockers could reduce mortality risk in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and moderate or moderately-severe renal dysfunction without causing harm, according to the BB-META-HF* trial presented at ESC 2019.

Elvira Manzano, Yesterday

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), in an update of its 2013 recommendations, called on clinicians to offer risk-reducing medications to women who are at increased risk for breast cancer but at low risk for adverse effects.

Pearl Toh, 2 days ago
The use of SGLT-2* inhibitors was not associated with a higher risk of severe or nonsevere urinary tract infections (UTIs) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with DPP**-4 inhibitors or GLP-1*** receptor agonists, a population-based cohort study shows.
5 days ago
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Low serum vitamin D, airway obstruction independently predict mortality

02 Aug 2019

Airway obstruction and low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin-D (s-25[OH]D) are independent predictors of mortality in adults, suggest the results of a 33-year follow-up study.

Multivariable analysis adjusted for age, sex, smoking, education, body mass index, leisure physical activity, asthma and serum C-reactive protein revealed the independent association of obstruction and low s-25(OH)D with mortality.

On the other hand, a statistically significant interaction was found between mortality and low s-25(OH)D among patients without (adjusted mortality hazard ratios [HR] for s-25(OH)D in tertiles, 1.00 [lowest]; 0.96, 95 percent CI, 0.87–1.05; 0.89, 0.81–0.98) and with obstruction (adjusted HR, 1.00; 0.96, 0.71–1.31; 0.57, 0.40–0.80).

An earlier study involving 13,331 adults from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey also found that the lowest quartile of 25(OH)D level was independently associated with all-cause mortality in the general population. [Arch Intern Med 2008;168:1629-1637]

“In conclusion, obstruction and low s-25(OH)D predict mortality independently of each other,” the authors said. “Our findings suggest that low vitamin D status might be particularly detrimental among [patients] with obstruction.”

This study investigated a joint effect of airway obstruction and vitamin D status on mortality by analysing data of 6,676 Finnish adults participating between 1978 and 1980 in a national health examination survey, undergoing spirometry and having all necessary data collected.

Participants were followed up in national registers through record linkage until 31 December 2011. Those with airway obstruction were categorized using the lower limit of normal and the measured s-25(OH)D into tertiles.

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 11 Sep 2019

Beta-blockers could reduce mortality risk in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and moderate or moderately-severe renal dysfunction without causing harm, according to the BB-META-HF* trial presented at ESC 2019.

Elvira Manzano, Yesterday

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), in an update of its 2013 recommendations, called on clinicians to offer risk-reducing medications to women who are at increased risk for breast cancer but at low risk for adverse effects.

Pearl Toh, 2 days ago
The use of SGLT-2* inhibitors was not associated with a higher risk of severe or nonsevere urinary tract infections (UTIs) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with DPP**-4 inhibitors or GLP-1*** receptor agonists, a population-based cohort study shows.
5 days ago
In type 2 diabetes patients taking sulfonylureas, hypoglycaemia duration is longer at night and is inversely correlated with the level of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), a new study reports.