Most Read Articles
09 May 2019
Nurses who utilize the pen device take less time preparing and administering insulin compared with those who use the vial and syringe method, reports a recent study.
14 May 2019
Excessive gains in overall and central fat prior to the childbearing period pose an increased risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus, a study has found.
24 Apr 2019
Severe vitamin D deficiency may be detrimental to diabetic patients, with the condition increasing the risk of diabetic foot ulcer, according to the results of a meta-analysis.
6 days ago
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 01 - 15 May 2019 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.

Low-intensity resistance training improves muscle strength, glycaemic function in elderly diabetics

10 Sep 2018

Low-intensity resistance training is effective at improving muscle size and strength and glycaemic function in elderly type 2 diabetes patients, a recent study has found.

Nine type 2 diabetes patients (mean age 68.2±9.7 years; 5 males) were recruited and underwent low-intensity resistance training two times a week for 16 weeks. Study outcomes included body weight, fat mass, lean body mass, knee extension and flexion strengths, and changes in fasting HbA1c levels. Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were used to evaluate the changes in outcome variables over time.

The low-intensity resistance training programme demonstrated a significant effect on several measures of body composition. For instance, mean body weight dropped significantly from 65.0±8.7 to 64.1±8.4 kg following the intervention (p=0.0499).

Similarly, significant 16-week reductions were observed for body fat mass (21.2±5.0 to 20.2±5.0 kg; p=0.012) and body fat percentage (32.8±6.8 percent to 31.5±6.6 percent; p=0.012), while significant increases were recorded for total lean body mass (63.6±6.6 percent to 64.7±6.5 percent; p=0.012) and lean body mass of the trunk (30.3±3.5 percent to 31.4±4.1 percent; p=0.017).

Significant improvements in muscle strength were also observed, both for isokinetic knee extension (angular velocity: 60o/s: 72.9±32.1 to 80.4±28.4 N·m; p=0.015; 180o/s: 46.3±17.7 to 52.7±19.6 N·m; p=0.021) and flexion (angular velocity: 60o/s: 42.7±20.7 to 50.9±20.2 N·m; p=0.012; 180o/s: 25.3±12.4 to 36.2±12.3 N·m; p=0.008).

The same was true for maximum leg press strength (62.4±19.9 to 101.2±22.7; p=0.008). In contrast, the 16-week exercise regimen had no significant effect on HbA1c (7.1±0.5 percent to 6.8±0.4 percent; p=0.066) and fasting plasma glucose (124.8±16.5 to 129.6±31.2 mg/dL; p=0.767).

Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Endocrinology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
09 May 2019
Nurses who utilize the pen device take less time preparing and administering insulin compared with those who use the vial and syringe method, reports a recent study.
14 May 2019
Excessive gains in overall and central fat prior to the childbearing period pose an increased risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus, a study has found.
24 Apr 2019
Severe vitamin D deficiency may be detrimental to diabetic patients, with the condition increasing the risk of diabetic foot ulcer, according to the results of a meta-analysis.
6 days ago
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 01 - 15 May 2019 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.