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Low-intensity resistance training improves muscle strength, glycaemic function in elderly diabetics

10 Sep 2018

Low-intensity resistance training is effective at improving muscle size and strength and glycaemic function in elderly type 2 diabetes patients, a recent study has found.

Nine type 2 diabetes patients (mean age 68.2±9.7 years; 5 males) were recruited and underwent low-intensity resistance training two times a week for 16 weeks. Study outcomes included body weight, fat mass, lean body mass, knee extension and flexion strengths, and changes in fasting HbA1c levels. Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were used to evaluate the changes in outcome variables over time.

The low-intensity resistance training programme demonstrated a significant effect on several measures of body composition. For instance, mean body weight dropped significantly from 65.0±8.7 to 64.1±8.4 kg following the intervention (p=0.0499).

Similarly, significant 16-week reductions were observed for body fat mass (21.2±5.0 to 20.2±5.0 kg; p=0.012) and body fat percentage (32.8±6.8 percent to 31.5±6.6 percent; p=0.012), while significant increases were recorded for total lean body mass (63.6±6.6 percent to 64.7±6.5 percent; p=0.012) and lean body mass of the trunk (30.3±3.5 percent to 31.4±4.1 percent; p=0.017).

Significant improvements in muscle strength were also observed, both for isokinetic knee extension (angular velocity: 60o/s: 72.9±32.1 to 80.4±28.4 N·m; p=0.015; 180o/s: 46.3±17.7 to 52.7±19.6 N·m; p=0.021) and flexion (angular velocity: 60o/s: 42.7±20.7 to 50.9±20.2 N·m; p=0.012; 180o/s: 25.3±12.4 to 36.2±12.3 N·m; p=0.008).

The same was true for maximum leg press strength (62.4±19.9 to 101.2±22.7; p=0.008). In contrast, the 16-week exercise regimen had no significant effect on HbA1c (7.1±0.5 percent to 6.8±0.4 percent; p=0.066) and fasting plasma glucose (124.8±16.5 to 129.6±31.2 mg/dL; p=0.767).

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Most Read Articles
4 days ago
The consumption of red and processed meats does not seem to affect the likelihood of symptom relapse among Crohn’s disease (CD) patients in relapse, reports a recent study.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 10 Jul 2019

Women who receive a single dose of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid within 6 hours of operative vaginal delivery could significantly reduce their postpartum infection risk, according to the UK-based ANODE* trial.

Pearl Toh, 2 days ago
In addition to the known evils of maternal smoking during pregnancy on the son’s semen quality, prenatal exposure to paternal smoking can also be harmful, according to data from a large Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) presented at the ESHRE 2019 Meeting.
4 days ago
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