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23 Oct 2017
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Low cardiorespiratory fitness, obesity tied to later chronic disability

21 Feb 2019
An expert panel calls for the set up of a dedicated office to coordinate various initiatives to meet the needs of disabled people.

Obesity, low cardiorespiratory fitness and their combination strongly correlated with chronic disability later in life owing to a wide range of diseases and causes, suggests a recent study.

A total of 54,304 men were granted a disability pension over a median follow-up of 28.3 years. A robust association existed between low cardiorespiratory fitness and receipt of a disability pension due to all causes (hazard ratio for lowest vs highest fitness decile, 3.74; 95 percent CI, 3.55–3.95) and specific causes (ie, psychiatric, musculoskeletal, injuries, nervous system, circulatory and tumours).

There was also an association between obesity and higher risk for receipt of a disability pension due to all and specific causes, with the highest risks seen for class II and III obesity.

Furthermore, being moderately or highly fit vs being unfit correlated with a lower risk for receipt of a disability pension across categories of body mass index (BMI).

“Although additional well-designed studies are required, these findings support the importance of high cardiorespiratory fitness and healthy body weight during adolescence to prevent later chronic disease,” the authors said.

This study included Swedish adolescents (n=1,079,128; aged 16–19 years) who were conscripted into the military between 1972 and 1994 and examined individual and combined associations of cardiorespiratory fitness and obesity in this population. The authors measured cardiorespiratory fitness and BMI at conscription, which were linked to data on later receipt of a disability pension from the Social Insurance Agency.

Certain limitations were present, such as the exclusion of women in the analysis, limited data on smoking and alcohol intake, and lack of repeated measures of exposures and covariates.

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Most Read Articles
23 Oct 2017
The use of e-cigarettes changes the innate defence protein profiles in airway secretions, a new study has shown. These changes may lead to questions about e-cigarettes as the supposed healthier alternative to smoking.
Rachel Soon, 04 Aug 2017

Investment in health crisis response systems during non-pandemic periods is crucial to combating the next inevitable flu pandemic, according to a government representative.

Tristan Manalac, 29 Oct 2017
In adolescents, the use of e-cigarettes with higher nicotine levels appears to lead to subsequent spikes in cigarette and e-cigarette smoking, a recent study has shown.
Dr. Joseph Delano Fule Robles, 27 Mar 2017

Investigators from The University of Hong Kong (HKU) recently identified a mutation in H7N9 virus which causes the virus to possess a higher ability to infect humans while maintaining its ability to circulate effectively in poultry.