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Dr Joslyn Ngu, 12 Sep 2017
The MOH welcomes efforts by the Malaysian Liver Foundation (MLF), other professional bodies and pharmaceutical companies to work together to prevent hepatitis. 

Liver, gastrointestinal tract diseases linked to malnutrition

04 Apr 2016
Patients with diseases of the liver and gastrointestinal tract commonly experience malnutrition and frequently experience nutrition impact symptoms (NIS), according to a recent cross-sectional study.

The study enrolled 126 admitted patients (41 percent male) with either liver disease, inflammatory bowel disease, cancer or pancreatitis. Their nutritional risk was assessed by the NRS-2002. Body mass index (BMI) and handgrip strength (HGS) were measured within 5 days of admission, while the NIS were assessed by the Eating Symptoms Questionnaire (ESQ) and the Disease-Related Appetite Questionnaire (DRAQ).

Results showed that mean BMI was 24±5 kg/m2, prevalence of low HGS was 38 percent, while the prevalence of patients at nutritional risk was 58 percent. The number of NIS reported by 50 percent of the patients were 4 or more in the ESQ and 5 or more in the DRAQ. Patients at risk and with low HGS frequently reported swallowing difficulties, poor appetite, early satiety (after only one-fourth of the meal), and food tasting bad, which are NIS that preclude food intake.

Since the food intake of these patients may be negatively affected by these NIS, it is thus prudent to have nutritional management strategies in their treatment.
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Most Read Articles
Dr Joslyn Ngu, 12 Sep 2017
The MOH welcomes efforts by the Malaysian Liver Foundation (MLF), other professional bodies and pharmaceutical companies to work together to prevent hepatitis.