Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 23 Nov 2017

The long-term mortality benefit conferred by mechanical over biologic prosthesis in valve replacement appears to be age- and location-dependent, according to findings of a US-based retrospective study.  

10 Jan 2018
Shared decision support with the use of standardized decision aids improves decision quality and reduces implantation of left ventricular assist device as destination therapy (DT-LVAD) in patients with advanced heart failure.
Pearl Toh, 6 days ago
The protective effects of liraglutide against the risks of cardiovascular (CV) events and deaths may be reduced in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who experienced severe hypoglycaemia, but were independent of patient’s history of CV events at baseline, according to post hoc analyses of the LEADER* trial.
01 Aug 2015
A higher prevalence of coronary artery disease was reported among adult men than women with Kawasaki disease, a study shows.

Lifestyle profiles improve 6 months after ACS event

02 Sep 2017

Diet, physical activity and smoking behaviour in patients improve greatly 6 months after first acute coronary syndrome (ACS) event, a new study has shown. Patients with unhealthy behaviours have the greatest difficulty in maintaining healthier lifestyles over time.

Healthy behaviours of 223 consecutive ACS patients (mean age 57.14±8.0 years; 84 percent male) regarding smoking, physical activity and diet, along with anxiety and depression symptoms, were measured using self-report instruments at initiation of cardiac rehabilitation (T0), and at 6 (T1) and 12 (T2) months after ACS.

At T0, adequate diet was reported in only 20.6 percent of the participants. Similarly, few were physically active (36.3 percent) and were nonsmokers (39.5 percent). By T1, 48.2 percent had an adequate diet while 61.4 and 88.2 percent were physically active and nonsmokers, respectively.

Findings were similar at T2, where 48.4 percent of the patients had adopted an adequate diet while 60 percent were physically active. Additionally, 90.2 did not smoke. These findings suggest behavioural stability for up to at least 12 months after ACS.

Psychological distress was also compared between T1 and T2 using multivariate analysis of variance. When clustered according to healthy lifestyle behaviours adopted, a significant among-group difference was found for depression (p=0.005) but not anxiety (p=0.104).

Dietary behaviour was assessed using the Mediterranean Diet Scale, while the Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity was used to evaluate level of physical activity. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used to assess anxiety and depression symptoms.

“[O]ur findings have demonstrated the co-occurrence and inter-relatedness of adhering to the Mediterranean diet, engaging in physical activity and smoking in ACS patients,” said researchers.

“These … suggest a general improvement of health-related habits 6 months after the acute event. No further improvement was detected twelve months later, as clearly confirmed by the percentages of proper behaviours in the entire group, which greatly improved from baseline to T1 and then remained stable at T2,” they added.

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 23 Nov 2017

The long-term mortality benefit conferred by mechanical over biologic prosthesis in valve replacement appears to be age- and location-dependent, according to findings of a US-based retrospective study.  

10 Jan 2018
Shared decision support with the use of standardized decision aids improves decision quality and reduces implantation of left ventricular assist device as destination therapy (DT-LVAD) in patients with advanced heart failure.
Pearl Toh, 6 days ago
The protective effects of liraglutide against the risks of cardiovascular (CV) events and deaths may be reduced in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who experienced severe hypoglycaemia, but were independent of patient’s history of CV events at baseline, according to post hoc analyses of the LEADER* trial.
01 Aug 2015
A higher prevalence of coronary artery disease was reported among adult men than women with Kawasaki disease, a study shows.