Most Read Articles
Tee Hoi Poh, 26 Sep 2018
Stool-based colorectal cancer (CRC) screening should be the preferred method of CRC screening in Malaysia, according to Dato Dr Muhammad Radzi Abu Hassan, the Head of Gastroenterology Services in Ministry of Health, Malaysia, who presented the Malaysian experience on CRC screening at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (GUT) 2018 held recently in Penang.
Jackey Suen, 26 Nov 2018

Linagliptin has no impact on cognitive decline when given on top of standard of care in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a CARMELINA substudy has shown.

Increased physical activity reduces weight gain associated with smoking cessation

05 Aug 2018

Increasing physical activity levels to current recommendations helps attenuate weight gain in postmenopausal women after quitting smoking, with the effect more pronounced in combination with improved diet, a study reports.

Researchers followed 4,717 smokers from the Women's Health Initiative for 3 years. Weight and physical activity (summarized as metabolic equivalent task-hours per week) were assessed at baseline and at the year 3 visit.

During the follow-up, 1,282 women quit smoking. Compared with those who continued, quitters gained a mean of 3.5 kg in weight. Specifically, quitters with low physical activity levels showed the highest weight gain (3.88 kg; 95 percent CI, 3.22–4.54), while those with increased physical activity levels (≥15 metabolic equivalent task-hours /week) had the lowest gain (2.55 kg; 1.59–3.52).

The benefit of increased physical activity observed for postsmoking cessation weight gain was more pronounced in women with obesity vs normal weight.

Furthermore, quitters with low physical activity levels at baseline but high levels at year 3 and were also undergoing a dietary modification intervention had a nonsignificant increase in weight (1.88 kg; −0.21 to 3.96) compared with continuing smokers.

While the mechanisms by which smoking influences weight are not fully understood, smoking modulates weight by increasing metabolic rate and decreasing caloric absorption, which is believed to help suppress appetite. Therefore, weight is bound to increase after quitting smoking, with women more likely to gain more than do men. [Am J Public Health 2010;100:1442-1448]

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Most Read Articles
Tee Hoi Poh, 26 Sep 2018
Stool-based colorectal cancer (CRC) screening should be the preferred method of CRC screening in Malaysia, according to Dato Dr Muhammad Radzi Abu Hassan, the Head of Gastroenterology Services in Ministry of Health, Malaysia, who presented the Malaysian experience on CRC screening at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (GUT) 2018 held recently in Penang.
Jackey Suen, 26 Nov 2018

Linagliptin has no impact on cognitive decline when given on top of standard of care in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a CARMELINA substudy has shown.