Most Read Articles
23 Nov 2018
Initial acute respiratory illness (ARI) admissions related to human adenovirus (HAdV), human metapneumovirus (hMPV) and human rhinovirus (HRV) occurring during early infancy increase the risk of subsequent ARI-related readmission, a recent study has shown.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 08 Jan 2020
In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients initiating inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/long-acting β2 agonist (LABA) combinations, both budesonide/formoterol (FOR) dry-powder inhalers and beclomethasone/FOR metered-dose inhalers pose lower risks of severe pneumonia and severe adverse events compared with fluticasone/salmeterol delivered using the same type of inhaler, as reported in a recent study.
Rachel Soon, 04 Jan 2019

A new cell-cultured quadrivalent influenza vaccine may give Malaysian patients an alternative to those produced with traditional egg-based processes.

09 Nov 2019
Drinking soft drinks may be linked to asthma in adults and wheeze in children, according to a meta-analysis. Furthermore, prenatal maternal consumption of the drink can promote the development of inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs in the offspring.

Impaired lung function predicts atrial fibrillation

15 Oct 2019
Current guidelines recommend the use of spirometry to establish an accurate diagnosis of COPD.

The likelihood of atrial fibrillation (AF) appears to be elevated in the context of weaker pulmonary function, a recent study has shown.

The study included 9,631 participants (median age, 50 years; 48.1 percent male) in whom AF was identified using electrocardiography or self-reports of physician diagnoses, either at baseline or throughout the study period. Lung function was measured according to the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC).

At baseline, AF was present in 59 participants, yielding a prevalence rate of 0.6 percent. This was significantly higher in the lowest vs highest quartile of FEV1% predicted (1.2 percent vs 0.3 percent; p<0.001). This translated to an elevated likelihood of developing the condition (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 5.92, 95 percent CI, 2.22–15.77).

FVC% predicted at baseline had the same effect on AF risk (adjusted OR, 5.40, 2.06–14.20).

During the follow-up period, a total of 162 new AF cases were reported, leading to an incidence rate of 1.7 percent. Kaplan-Meier curves showed that AF incidence was significantly elevated in the lowest vs highest quartile of FEV1% predicted (2.1 percent vs 1.5 percent; log-rank p=0.042). No such effect was reported for FVC% predicted.

Cox regression analyses confirmed these findings. FEV1% predicted was significantly associated with a greater risk of incident AF (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.59, 1.02–2.50), while FVC% predicted was not (adjusted HR, 1.34, 0.86–2.09).

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Most Read Articles
23 Nov 2018
Initial acute respiratory illness (ARI) admissions related to human adenovirus (HAdV), human metapneumovirus (hMPV) and human rhinovirus (HRV) occurring during early infancy increase the risk of subsequent ARI-related readmission, a recent study has shown.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 08 Jan 2020
In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients initiating inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/long-acting β2 agonist (LABA) combinations, both budesonide/formoterol (FOR) dry-powder inhalers and beclomethasone/FOR metered-dose inhalers pose lower risks of severe pneumonia and severe adverse events compared with fluticasone/salmeterol delivered using the same type of inhaler, as reported in a recent study.
Rachel Soon, 04 Jan 2019

A new cell-cultured quadrivalent influenza vaccine may give Malaysian patients an alternative to those produced with traditional egg-based processes.

09 Nov 2019
Drinking soft drinks may be linked to asthma in adults and wheeze in children, according to a meta-analysis. Furthermore, prenatal maternal consumption of the drink can promote the development of inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs in the offspring.