Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 19 Jan 2018
Blood pressure (BP) control can be best achieved with a multilevel, multicomponent approach involving team-based care with physician- and non-physician-led interventions, as well as patient-level strategies, according to findings of a meta-analysis.
Pearl Toh, 09 Oct 2018
Not only are probiotics healthy for the gut, they may also be good for the waistline. A recent study shows that supplementation with the probiotic Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis CECT 8145 (Ba8145) improves anthropometric adiposity measures such as waist circumference, body mass index (BMI), and visceral fat area in abdominally obese individuals, particularly in women.

Hypertension risk higher in military veterans with combat exposure, injury

13 Jun 2020

Combat pressure has been shown to elevate the risk of hypertension among military veterans, and such risk is exacerbated by combat injury, reveals a study.

The investigators identified combat-exposed and combat-injured participants using data from the Millennium Cohort Study and the Department of Defense Trauma Registry. Diagnoses of incident hypertension were determined from the Millennium Cohort survey. Multivariable complementary log-log survival models were used to estimate associations between combat exposure/injury and hypertension risk.

A total of 38,734 participants were included in the final analysis, of whom 50.8 percent were deployed but not exposed to combat, 48.6 percent deployed and exposed to combat, and 0.6 percent sustained combat injury. Hypertension prevalence overall stood at 7.6 percent.

Participants who experienced combat but not wounded (moderate exposure; adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 1.28, 95 percent confidence interval [CI], 1.19–1.38) and those wounded in combat (high exposure; AOR, 1.46, 95 percent CI, 1.07–2.00) had higher odds of hypertension than those who were deployed but did not experience combat (mild exposure).

The following factors were also associated with a higher likelihood of hypertension: sleep duration of <4 hours (AOR, 1.21, 95 percent CI, 1.03–1.43), sleep duration of 4–6 hours (AOR, 1.16, 95 percent CI, 1.05–1.29), post-traumatic stress disorder (AOR, 1.54, 95 percent CI, 1.26–1.87), and overweight (AOR, 1.77, 95 percent CI, 1.61–1.95) and obese status (AOR, 2.77, 95 percent CI, 2.45–3.12).

“[T]here is emerging concern that exposure to combat environments and subsequent injury may increase the risk of hypertension through changes in inflammatory responses, psychological stress and mental health, and health behaviours,” the investigators said.

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Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 19 Jan 2018
Blood pressure (BP) control can be best achieved with a multilevel, multicomponent approach involving team-based care with physician- and non-physician-led interventions, as well as patient-level strategies, according to findings of a meta-analysis.
Pearl Toh, 09 Oct 2018
Not only are probiotics healthy for the gut, they may also be good for the waistline. A recent study shows that supplementation with the probiotic Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis CECT 8145 (Ba8145) improves anthropometric adiposity measures such as waist circumference, body mass index (BMI), and visceral fat area in abdominally obese individuals, particularly in women.