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Hostility entails heightened CHD risk in postmenopausal women with diabetes

22 Sep 2019

For postmenopausal women with diabetes, being hostile may be bad for the heart, with a recent study suggesting that such personality trait contributes to an increased risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD).

The study examined the associations between personality traits and the risk of CHD or stroke in 15,029 women aged 50–79 years with self-reported treated diabetes. A total of 1,118 incident CHD and 710 incident stroke cases were recorded over a mean follow-up of 10 years.

CHD risk was about 20-percent higher in women in the highest vs the lowest quartile of hostility (hazard ratio [HR], 1.22, 95 percent CI, 1.01–1.48). In an analysis stratified by prevalent or incident diabetes, the highest quartile of hostility carried a 34-percent heightened risk of CHD (HR, 1.34, 1.03–1.74) in women with incident diabetes.

There were no other personality traits significantly associated with stroke or CHD.

Researchers used validated scales to measure personality traits such as hostility, optimism, ambivalence over emotional expressiveness and negative emotional expressiveness. They applied multivariable Cox proportional-hazards regression models to obtain risk estimates of adjudicated CHD (nonfatal myocardial infarction and CHD death) or stroke outcomes in relation to personality traits. Demographics, depression, anthropometric variables and lifestyle factors were included in the analysis as confounders.

The present data provide a basis for targeted prevention programmes for diabetic women with a high level of hostility, according to the researchers.

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Most Read Articles
Tristan Manalac, 6 days ago
Switching insulin pumps on or off before exercise does not seem to affect blood glucose concentrations during physical activity in type 1 diabetes patients, according to a recent study.
06 Jun 2019
Having at least four pregnancies through childbearing age appears to increase the risk of diabetes in postmenopausal women without a history of gestational diabetes, a study has found.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 30 Jul 2019

Individuals who adhere to a plant-based diet, particularly one consisting of healthy plant-based foods, may reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D), according to a recent meta-analysis.

Roshini Claire Anthony, 12 Apr 2019

Elderly men who sustain acute spine fractures may be at an elevated risk of mortality 1 year after the fracture, according to a study from Singapore.