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Rachel Soon, 16 Aug 2019

On 8 August, the first town hall held by the Ministry of Health (MOH) with members of the pharmacy profession took place in Putrajaya. Over 500 pharmacists from across the country and from different areas of practice—community and hospital, public and private, academy and industry—converged to fill the auditorium for the chance to engage in direct dialogue with MOH.

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Highly physically active women at low risk of rheumatoid arthritis

11 Aug 2019

High physical activity levels reduce the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in women, a study has found.

The study involved 113,366 participants from the Nurses' Health Study II, among whom 506 developed RA (67.0 percent had seropositive RA) over 2,428,573 person‐years of follow‐up. Every participant completed biennial questionnaires to determine physical activity exposures and covariates.

Researchers evaluated the long‐term cumulative average number of hours spent in recreational physical activity 2–8 years prior to the RA diagnosis. This time span was chosen to reduce the potential for reverse causation bias, given that early RA affects physical activity prior to diagnosis.

Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that increasing cumulative average total hours of recreational physical activity had a protective association with the risk of RA. Relative to women engaging in <1 hour of physical activity per week, those who were more physically active had up to about a 30-percent lower risk of developing RA (2 to <4 hours/week: hazard ratio [HR], 0.92, 95 percent CI, 0.72–1.17; 4 to <7 hours/week: HR, 0.84, 0.63–1.12; ≥7 hours/week: HR, 0.67, 0.47–0.98; p-trend=0.02).

Body mass index mediated some of the effect of physical activity on all RA (14.0 percent; p=0.002) and on seropositive RA (20.0 percent; p=0.001), suggesting that both physical activity and weight-loss interventions could delay or even prevent the onset of seropositive RA, according to the researchers.

The present data contribute to the increasing evidence that metabolic factors play an important role in RA pathogenesis, they added.

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Most Read Articles
Rachel Soon, 16 Aug 2019

On 8 August, the first town hall held by the Ministry of Health (MOH) with members of the pharmacy profession took place in Putrajaya. Over 500 pharmacists from across the country and from different areas of practice—community and hospital, public and private, academy and industry—converged to fill the auditorium for the chance to engage in direct dialogue with MOH.

3 days ago
Cardiac biomarkers are useful for identifying community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients with an elevated risk of early and long-term cardiovascular (CV) events, according to a study.
Yesterday
Tofogliflozin is safe and effective for elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), regardless of insulin and oral antidiabetic drugs, reports a new Japan study.
6 days ago
Pulmonary function has potential predictive value for future increases in arterial stiffness and its progression, as reported in a recent study.