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Higher adherence to topical testosterone improves clinical outcomes in men with hypogonadism

11 Feb 2018

In males with primary or secondary hypogonadism (HG), adherence to topical testosterone therapy (TTh) appears to improve total testosterone and decrease the risk of conditions associated with HG, a recent study has shown.

Researchers performed a retrospective cohort study of 3,184 adult males (mean age 49 years) with primary or secondary HG initiating topical TTh. The rate of complete adherence for 12 months was only 16.9 percent (n=538). Majority of the participants (91 percent) were prescribed topical gels.

High adherence was associated with better clinical outcomes. For instance, the composite endpoint of fatigue, osteoarthritis, insomnia, depression and erectile dysfunction was significantly lower in those adherent to the topical TTh (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 0.764; 95 percent CI, 0.617–0.947; p=0.014).

The secondary composite outcome of obesity, diabetes or metabolic syndrome was not significantly affected by adherence (adjusted OR, 0.952; 0.723–1.252; p=0.723). None of the individual composite components were also significantly correlated with adherence.

While both adherent and nonadherent males experienced increases in total testosterone levels relative to baseline, those who were adherent to the topical TTh had a 45-percent greater improvement, which reached statistical significance (239 vs 165 ng/dL; p<0.01).

After adjustments for covariates, adherence to TTh significantly predicted a mean increase of 63 mg/dL in testosterone concentrations relative to nonadherent participants (p<0.01).

In a separate multivariable analysis, geographical region, year of treatment initiation, prescribing physician, and baseline depression, hypertension, obesity and osteoporosis were all significant predictors of adherence.

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 04 Apr 2019

In addition to an intensive weight loss programme, the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) could improve absolute weight loss in individuals with obesity and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), according to a study presented at ENDO 2019.

4 days ago
The ketogenic and Modified Atkin’s diets are effective treatments for children with refractory epilepsy of genetic aetiology, a new study suggests.
5 days ago
Extremely premature neonates who have been exposed to pre-eclampsia in utero are at high risk of developing severe respiratory distress syndrome and severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia, according to a study.
Pearl Toh, 3 days ago
A contraceptive vaginal system (Annovera) releasing a combination of segesterone acetate and ethinyl estradiol (SA/EE) effectively inhibits ovulation up to a year even at low systemic levels of SA, reports a review study presented at ENDO 2019.