Most Read Articles
4 days ago
The appropriate cutoff value in predicting combined cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is 125 mm Hg for home morning systolic blood pressure (MSBP), suggests a new study.
Pearl Toh, 3 days ago
Whether the 2017 ACC/AHA* blood pressure (BP) guidelines should be adopted in Asian countries was the topic of a much-anticipated discussion here at the Asian Pacific Society of Cardiology (APSC) Congress 2018 in Taiwan last week.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 5 days ago
Rheumatoid arthritis patients who use low-dose aspirin in primary prevention of cardiovascular (CV) disease have similar risks of major toxicity and CV events as those who are not exposed to aspirin, according to a secondary analysis of the PRECISION* trial.
15 May 2018

A study by researchers at Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares Carlos III (CNIC) found that, even at levels currently considered normal, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a prime predictor of the presence of atherosclerotic plaques in arteries. [J Am Coll Cardiol 2017;70:2979–2991]

High intake of healthy plant foods may lower CHD risk

21 Jul 2017

High consumption of a plant-based diet index (PDI) that is rich in healthier plant foods may substantially reduce the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), while a PDI that emphasizes less-healthy plant foods may increase the risk of CHD, reports a new study.

There were 8,631 incident CHD cases documented over 4,833,042 person-years of follow-up.

Pooled multivariable analysis revealed that higher adherence to PDI was independently inversely associated with CHD (hazard ratio [HR] comparing extreme deciles, 0.92; 95 percent CI, 0.83 to 1.01; p=0.003 for trend). Such inverse relationship was more evident for healthful PDI (hPDI; HR, 0.75; 0.68 to 0.83; p<0.001 for trend).

On the other hand, there was a positive correlation between unhealthful PDI (uPDI) and CHD (HR, 1.32; 1.20 to 1.46; p<0.001 for trend).

In this study, researchers included 73,710 women in the Nurses’ Health Study (NHS; 1984 to 2012), 92,329 women in the NHS2 (1991 to 2013) and 43,259 men in Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986 to 2012) who were free of chronic disease at baseline to investigate the associations between PDI and CHD indices.

Researchers developed an overall PDI from repeated semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire data by assigning positive scores to plant foods and reverse scores to animal foods.

They also developed the hPDI, in which healthy plant foods (whole grains, fruits/vegetables, nuts/legumes, oils, tea/coffee) received positive scores while less-healthy plant foods (juices/sweetened beverages, refined grains, potatoes/fries, sweets) and animal foods received reverse scores.

To develop the uPDI, positive scores were given to less-healthy plant foods and reverse scores to animal and healthy plant foods.

“Plant-based diets are recommended for CHD prevention,” researchers said. “However, not all plant foods are necessarily beneficial for health.”

Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Cardiology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
4 days ago
The appropriate cutoff value in predicting combined cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is 125 mm Hg for home morning systolic blood pressure (MSBP), suggests a new study.
Pearl Toh, 3 days ago
Whether the 2017 ACC/AHA* blood pressure (BP) guidelines should be adopted in Asian countries was the topic of a much-anticipated discussion here at the Asian Pacific Society of Cardiology (APSC) Congress 2018 in Taiwan last week.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 5 days ago
Rheumatoid arthritis patients who use low-dose aspirin in primary prevention of cardiovascular (CV) disease have similar risks of major toxicity and CV events as those who are not exposed to aspirin, according to a secondary analysis of the PRECISION* trial.
15 May 2018

A study by researchers at Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares Carlos III (CNIC) found that, even at levels currently considered normal, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a prime predictor of the presence of atherosclerotic plaques in arteries. [J Am Coll Cardiol 2017;70:2979–2991]