Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 13 Jan 2018
A study finds no evidence that using pharmaceutical aids alone for smoking cessation helps improve the chances of successful quitting despite promising results in previous randomized trials and routine prescription of such drugs to help quit smoking.
Elvira Manzano, 5 days ago
Cancer patients at risk for recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) are less likely to experience recurrence with rivaroxaban compared with dalteparin, the Select-D trial has shown, ushering in a new standard of care (SoC) for cancer-related VTE.
Yesterday
Rates of immunization particularly in a primary care setting can be improved by constant patient reminders and recall systems, a recent study has found.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 2 days ago

The combination of ceftazidime and avibactam proved noninferior to meropenem in adults with nosocomial pneumonia, positioning it as a potential treatment option for this condition, results from the phase III REPROVE* trial show. Nonetheless, the combination was associated with a higher number of safety events compared with meropenem.

High fruit intake delays lung function decline in past smokers

31 Dec 2017
Vitamin and mineral health supplements on the rise in Singapore: Too much of a good thing?

High intake of fruits and tomatoes may delay the decline in lung function in adults, particularly in ex-smokers, a recent study has found.

Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) were used to assess the dietary intake of 680 adults (mean age at baseline 43.8±6.6 years), among whom 16 percent were current smokers while 40 percent had smoked in the past.

Forced vital capacity (FVC) decreased by a mean of 389 mL over the 10-year study period. High consumption of all fruits significantly slowed the yearly decline by 3.48 mL (95 percent CI, 0.04–6.92; p=0.048). High consumption of apples (3.96 mL/year; 0.76–7.15; p=0.01), bananas (3.97 mL/year; 0.51–7.43; p=0.03), and tomatoes (4.74 mL/year; 1.35–8.13; p=0.006) also significantly decelerated the decline in FVC.

In comparison, forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) declined by 445 mL over the 10-year study period. Only consumption of total fruit significantly slowed down the yearly decline in FEV1 (2.99 mL/year; 0.37–5.61; p=0.025).

The researchers then investigated the role of smoking and found that dietary intake was significantly related to FVC and FEV1 only in ex-smokers. Total fruit intake, for example, significantly decelerated FEV1 (6.41 mL/year; 2.29–10.5; p=0.002) and FVC (8.13 mL/year; 2.22–14.01; p=0.007) decline only in ex-smokers.

Total intake of apples (FEV1: 4.79 mL/year; 0.87–8.72; p=0.017; FVC: 6.75 mL/year; 1.14–12.34; p=0.018) and tomatoes (FEV1: 5.51 mL/year; 0.87–9.44; p=0.019; FVC: 9.09 mL/year; 3.04–15.14; p=0.003) also slowed down the yearly decline in lung function exclusively in ex-smokers. This trend was absent in current and never-smokers.

Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Doctor - Malaysia digital copy today!
DOWNLOAD
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 13 Jan 2018
A study finds no evidence that using pharmaceutical aids alone for smoking cessation helps improve the chances of successful quitting despite promising results in previous randomized trials and routine prescription of such drugs to help quit smoking.
Elvira Manzano, 5 days ago
Cancer patients at risk for recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) are less likely to experience recurrence with rivaroxaban compared with dalteparin, the Select-D trial has shown, ushering in a new standard of care (SoC) for cancer-related VTE.
Yesterday
Rates of immunization particularly in a primary care setting can be improved by constant patient reminders and recall systems, a recent study has found.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 2 days ago

The combination of ceftazidime and avibactam proved noninferior to meropenem in adults with nosocomial pneumonia, positioning it as a potential treatment option for this condition, results from the phase III REPROVE* trial show. Nonetheless, the combination was associated with a higher number of safety events compared with meropenem.