Heartburn (Patient Counselling Guide)
05 Jun 2020
Heartburn is the burning sensation in the upper abdomen that moves up into the middle of the chest behind the breastbone that sometimes travels up to the throat. The condition, though named as such, is not a disorder of the heart but of the digestive system. The condition occurs when the acidic stomach juices wash up into the gullet or esophagus. Causes of heartburn include overeating and bad eating habits (eg, hurried eating, not chewing the food well), high-fat or spicy food, chocolates, smoking, alcoholic and fizzy drinks, coffee, tea, emotional stress, certain medications, tight clothing around the abdomen, lying down, bending over, lifting heavy things and squatting after eating. Certain medical conditions eg, hiatal hernia, pregnancy and weakened muscles that control the opening at the lower end of the esophagus, also cause heartburn. In some cases, the pain is so intense that it is mistaken for a heart attack. Other symptoms include belching, bitter or sour taste in the mouth, attacks of choking or stridor (noisy, high-pitched breathing sound caused by abnormal narrowing of the larynx or trachea) during sleep, discoloured teeth and chronic cough.
* Click below to view the Patient Counselling Guide in Thai