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Healthy plant-based diet tied to less weight gain

22 Sep 2019
To get the most vitaminas and minerals from the healthiest foods - vegetables - use healthy methods of cooking

A diet rich in healthier plant foods helps prevent weight gain over time, results from three prospective cohort studies have shown.

“This supports current recommendations to increase intake of healthy plant foods, and [to reduce] intake of less-healthy plant foods and animal foods, for improved health outcomes,” the authors said.

Data were sourced from three ongoing prospective, observational cohort studies in the US, namely the Nurses’ Health Study (NHS), NHS2 and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS), including a total of 126,982 adult men and women. The authors collected self-reported diet data every 4 years to estimate weight change over a follow-up of >20 years.

Participants gained a mean of 0.90 kg (HPFS) to 1.98 kg (NHS2) over 4-year intervals. An association was found between plant-based diets and weight gain.

Adjustments for potential confounders, including concomitant changes in other lifestyle factors, showed that a 1-SD increase in intake of an overall plant-based diet index correlated with 0.04-kg less weight gain (95 percent CI, 0.05–0.02 kg; p<0.001) over 4-year periods.

A 1-SD increase in intake of a healthful plant-based diet (ie, whole grains, fruits/vegetables, nuts/legumes, vegetable oils, tea/coffee) correlated with 0.68-kg less weight gain (0.69–0.66 kg; p<0.001) over 4-year intervals.

On the other hand, a 1-SD increase in intake of an unhealthful plant-based diet (ie, refined, grains, potato/fries, sweets, sweetened drinks/juices) correlated with 0.36-kg more weight gain (0.34–0.37 kg; p<0.001) over 4-year periods.

“Studies have found beneficial effects of plant-based diets on weight,” the authors said. “However, not all plant foods are necessarily beneficial.”

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Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 10 Oct 2019
Adding a LAMA* to the double combination therapy of ICS** plus LABA*** in a single inhaler improves lung function and reduces exacerbations in patients whose asthma is inadequately controlled with the combination treatment, according to the TRIMARAN and TRIGGER# studies presented at ERS 2019.
4 days ago
Eating alone may help in weight management as findings of a recent study suggest that eating with friends lead to higher food intake.
Tristan Manalac, 3 days ago
A digital-first approach, iConnect, allows patients to have greater access to services and guidance and enables healthcare providers to deliver much better postdischarge care, according to Lim Cher Wee, chief operating officer of the Ministry of Health, Office for Healthcare Transformation of Singapore, in his presentation at the recently concluded AsiaPac19 Conference & Exhibition of the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS 2019).
Jairia Dela Cruz, 3 days ago
Toileting behaviours such as convenience and delayed voiding, straining to void, and position preference are strongly associated with overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms in women, according to a study.