Functional vision, quality of life impaired in children with glaucoma
A child’s functional visual ability (FVA) and quality of life (QoL) is greatly influenced by glaucoma and its management, according to a study.
In addition, the health-related (HR) QoL scores reported by children with glaucoma are similar to those stated by children with congenital cardiac defects, who have undergone liver transplants or who have acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.
In this cross-sectional, observational study, researchers recruited 119 children with glaucoma (mean age 9.4 years) and their parents to assess the effect of glaucoma on functional vision and on vision-related (VR) and HR QoL in children up to 16 years of age.
Participants completed three validated instruments: the Cardiff Visual Ability Questionnaire for Children (CVAQC) for FVA, the Impact of Vision Impairment for Children (IVI-C) for VR QoL, and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PEdsQL) version 4.0 for HR QoL.
Children with glaucoma reported reduced scores for FVA, VR QoL and HR QoL: median CVAQC score, ‒1.24 (interquartile range [IQR], ‒2.2 to ‒0.11; range, ‒3.00 higher visual ability to 2.80 lower visual ability); mean IVI-C score, 67.3 (standard deviation, 14.4; normal VR QoL, 96); median PedsQL self-report, 78.8 (IQR, 67.4 to 90.2); parent report, 71.2 (IQR, 55.7 to 85.8); and family impact score, 74.3 (IQR, 56.9 to 88.5; normal HR QoL, 100).
Moreover, psychosocial subscores were lower than physical subscores on the PedsQL. Compared with younger children, those who were older reported less impairment on CVAQC, IVI-C and PedsQL. Interestingly, parents reported greater impact on their child’s HR QoL than children reported themselves.