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2 days ago
The use of capsule endoscopy (CE) appears to be effective in the diagnosis of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA), yielding a 33.9-percent yield in this study, with 65.8 percent of patients undergoing further workup and 12.7 percent requiring therapeutic intervention.
Tristan Manalac, Yesterday
Minimally invasive pancreatectomy (MIP) offers a feasible alternative to open pancreatectomy (OP) for the treatment of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PNEN), according to a recent Singapore study has found.
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Increased coffee consumption among regular drinkers is associated with higher estimated glomerular filtration rate and confers protection against the risk of chronic kidney disease stages G3–G5 and albuminuria, as shown in a study.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 16 May 2020
Excess weight, greater abdominal fat, inflammation and low physical performance can all contribute to insulin resistance in middle-age Singaporean women, and these variables explain why the condition is more common among women of Chinese than Malay and Indian ethnicities, a study has found.

Food insecurity poses threat to health, development of young children

05 Oct 2019

Lack of reliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food is detrimental to young children, as it results in fair-to-poor health and increased developmental risk, according to a study.

The study involved a multiethnic sample of 28,184 children aged <48 months (mean age, 18.5 months; 46 percent female; 50 percent were non-Hispanic African American, 34 percent Hispanic and 14 percent non-Hispanic white). Of the children, 14 percent weighed <2,500 g at birth, 64 percent had been breastfed, 16 percent were obese, 8 percent were underweight and 12 percent were stunted. Health was fair or poor in 11 percent of the children, while 12 percent were at developmental risk.

Researchers used the Household Food Security Survey Module to define three exposure groups: food secure (72.7 percent), household food insecure and child food secure (HFI/child secure; 14 percent), and household food insecure and child food insecure (HFI/CFI; 13.3 percent).

Multivariable regression analyses revealed that compared with food secure group, the HFI/CFI group was significantly more likely to have fair or poor health (odds ratio [OR] range, 1.55–1.91) and be at increased developmental risk (OR range, 1.35–1.49) across 0 to 12, 13 to 24, 25 to 36, and 37 to 48 months of age.

On the other hand, neither household nor child food insecurity showed an association with obesity. This might be partially explained by the increasing rates of obesity overall, according to the researchers, suggesting that young children who grow up in a low-income environment are exposed to obesogenic factors including lack of access to healthy grocery stores, overabundance of fast food outlets and increased screen time, regardless of food security status.

The present data support current recommendations for food insecurity screening and referrals to help families cope with economic hardships and associated stressors, the researchers said.

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Most Read Articles
2 days ago
The use of capsule endoscopy (CE) appears to be effective in the diagnosis of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA), yielding a 33.9-percent yield in this study, with 65.8 percent of patients undergoing further workup and 12.7 percent requiring therapeutic intervention.
Tristan Manalac, Yesterday
Minimally invasive pancreatectomy (MIP) offers a feasible alternative to open pancreatectomy (OP) for the treatment of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PNEN), according to a recent Singapore study has found.
17 May 2020
Increased coffee consumption among regular drinkers is associated with higher estimated glomerular filtration rate and confers protection against the risk of chronic kidney disease stages G3–G5 and albuminuria, as shown in a study.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 16 May 2020
Excess weight, greater abdominal fat, inflammation and low physical performance can all contribute to insulin resistance in middle-age Singaporean women, and these variables explain why the condition is more common among women of Chinese than Malay and Indian ethnicities, a study has found.