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Pearl Toh, 31 Dec 2019
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Prevention of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) and postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) remains inadequate in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as shown in a study that evaluated the implementation of the 2003 and 2014 French guidelines on the prevention and treatment of GIOP and the 2012 update of the French guidelines for the treatment of PMOP.

Food insecurity poses threat to health, development of young children

05 Oct 2019

Lack of reliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food is detrimental to young children, as it results in fair-to-poor health and increased developmental risk, according to a study.

The study involved a multiethnic sample of 28,184 children aged <48 months (mean age, 18.5 months; 46 percent female; 50 percent were non-Hispanic African American, 34 percent Hispanic and 14 percent non-Hispanic white). Of the children, 14 percent weighed <2,500 g at birth, 64 percent had been breastfed, 16 percent were obese, 8 percent were underweight and 12 percent were stunted. Health was fair or poor in 11 percent of the children, while 12 percent were at developmental risk.

Researchers used the Household Food Security Survey Module to define three exposure groups: food secure (72.7 percent), household food insecure and child food secure (HFI/child secure; 14 percent), and household food insecure and child food insecure (HFI/CFI; 13.3 percent).

Multivariable regression analyses revealed that compared with food secure group, the HFI/CFI group was significantly more likely to have fair or poor health (odds ratio [OR] range, 1.55–1.91) and be at increased developmental risk (OR range, 1.35–1.49) across 0 to 12, 13 to 24, 25 to 36, and 37 to 48 months of age.

On the other hand, neither household nor child food insecurity showed an association with obesity. This might be partially explained by the increasing rates of obesity overall, according to the researchers, suggesting that young children who grow up in a low-income environment are exposed to obesogenic factors including lack of access to healthy grocery stores, overabundance of fast food outlets and increased screen time, regardless of food security status.

The present data support current recommendations for food insecurity screening and referrals to help families cope with economic hardships and associated stressors, the researchers said.

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Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 31 Dec 2019
Adding the neuraminidase inhibitor oseltamivir to usual care speeds up recovery from influenza-like illness by a day compared with usual care alone, with even greater benefits seen in older, sicker patients with comorbidities, according to the ALIC4E study.
23 Dec 2019
At a Menarini-sponsored symposium held during the Asian Pacific Society Congress, renowned cardiologist Prof John Camm provided the latest evidence for chronic stable angina with or without concomitant diseases, with a special focus on the antianginal agent ranolazine and combination therapies. The event was chaired and moderated by Dr Dante Morales from the University of the Philippines College of Medicine.
6 days ago
Testosterone treatment may slightly improve sexual functioning and quality of life in men without underlying organic causes of hypogonadism, but it offers little to no benefit for other common symptoms of ageing, according to a study. In addition, long-term efficacy and safety of this therapy remain unknown.
11 Jan 2020
Prevention of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) and postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) remains inadequate in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as shown in a study that evaluated the implementation of the 2003 and 2014 French guidelines on the prevention and treatment of GIOP and the 2012 update of the French guidelines for the treatment of PMOP.