Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 2 days ago
First-line therapy with the BTK* inhibitor ibrutinib plus the anti-CD20 immunotherapy rituximab confers significant survival advantage over the current gold-standard regimen of fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (FCR) for young, fit patients with treatment-naïve chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), according to the E1912 trial, a large cooperative group study supported by the US National Cancer Institute.
6 days ago
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) displays comparable rates of mortality and serious composite outcomes but a higher rate of target-vessel revascularization at 10 years relative to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with significant left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease, reports a study. On the other hand, CABG delivers lower mortality and serious composite outcome rates compared with PCI with drug-eluting stents after 5 years.
Pearl Toh, 07 Dec 2018
Apixaban slashes the risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) by 90 percent in cancer patients compared with the low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) dalteparin, with no increase in major bleeding risk, according to the ADAM VTE study presented at ASH 2018.
Yesterday
Rates of major bleeding events are similar across cancer patients taking direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC), low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) or vitamin K antagonist (VKA), with gastrointestinal bleeding being the most frequent event, a recent study has shown. In addition, DOAC and LMWH recorded higher rates of venous thromboembolism than earlier studies.

Fidaxomicin therapy most effective during first episode of C. difficile infection

14 Jan 2018

Patients with a first episode of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) are likely to respond to treatment with fidaxomicin with no recurrences, a recent study has shown. On the other hand, those with prior CDI episodes are less likely to respond, especially with >1 prior episode, and more likely to recur, which suggests a greater clinical benefit of fidaxomicin earlier in the course of CDI.

There were 81 patients (median age 55.9 years; 53 percent female; 26 percent with inflammatory bowel disease) included in the study, of which 90 percent responded to fidaxomicin therapy. Prior CDI episodes were fewer (p=0.01) in responders (median, 1; range, 0‒8) vs nonresponders (median, 2.5; range, 1‒8). Response was 100 percent after a first CDI episode, 96 percent after one prior episode, and 82 percent after two or more (p=0.02).

There was a 19-percent recurrence rate. Patients who did not recur had fewer prior episodes of CDI (median 1; range 0‒6) than those with a recurrence (median, 2; range, 1‒8; p=0.005). Recurrence was 0 percent after a first episode, 23 percent after one prior episode, and 29 percent after two or more (p=0.005).

All patients with inflammatory bowel disease, as a response, either improved their symptoms or had a negative C. difficile test. Recurrence occurred in 19 percent.

The investigators included all CDI cases treated with fidaxomicin at three referral centres over a 4-year period. The definition of ‘response’ was resolution of diarrhoea, and ‘recurrence’ was defined by CDI recurrence within 8 weeks of the end of treatment.

“Fidaxomicin is a new antibiotic used to treat CDI,” according to the investigators. 

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Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 2 days ago
First-line therapy with the BTK* inhibitor ibrutinib plus the anti-CD20 immunotherapy rituximab confers significant survival advantage over the current gold-standard regimen of fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (FCR) for young, fit patients with treatment-naïve chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), according to the E1912 trial, a large cooperative group study supported by the US National Cancer Institute.
6 days ago
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) displays comparable rates of mortality and serious composite outcomes but a higher rate of target-vessel revascularization at 10 years relative to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with significant left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease, reports a study. On the other hand, CABG delivers lower mortality and serious composite outcome rates compared with PCI with drug-eluting stents after 5 years.
Pearl Toh, 07 Dec 2018
Apixaban slashes the risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) by 90 percent in cancer patients compared with the low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) dalteparin, with no increase in major bleeding risk, according to the ADAM VTE study presented at ASH 2018.
Yesterday
Rates of major bleeding events are similar across cancer patients taking direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC), low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) or vitamin K antagonist (VKA), with gastrointestinal bleeding being the most frequent event, a recent study has shown. In addition, DOAC and LMWH recorded higher rates of venous thromboembolism than earlier studies.