Most Read Articles
01 Dec 2020
Tetanus toxoid 5 Lf, diphtheria toxoid 2 Lf, pertussis toxoid 2.5 mcg, filamentous haemagglutinin 5 mcg, fimbriae types 2 and 3 5 mcg, pertactin 3 mcg
Dr. Hsu Li Yang, Dr. Tan Thuan Tong, Dr. Andrea Kwa, 08 Jan 2021
Antimicrobial resistance has become increasingly dire as the rapid emergence of drug resistance, especially gram-negative pathogens, has outpaced the development of new antibiotics. At a recent virtual symposium, Dr Hsu Li Yang, Vice Dean (Global Health) and Programme Leader (Infectious Diseases), NUS Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, presented epidemiological data on multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteria (GNB) in Asia, while Dr Tan Thuan Tong, Head and Senior Consultant, Department of Infectious Diseases, Singapore General Hospital (SGH), focused on the role of ceftazidime-avibactam in MDR GNB infections. Dr Andrea Kwa, Assistant Director of Research, Department of Pharmacy, SGH, joined the panel in an interactive fireside chat, to discuss challenges, practical considerations, and solutions in MDR gram-negative infections. This Pfizer-sponsored symposium was chaired by Dr Ng Shin Yi, Head and Senior Consultant of Surgical Intensive Care, SGH.
Pearl Toh, 26 Nov 2020
Inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) should be the mainstay of long-term asthma management — such is the key message of the latest Singapore ACE* Clinical Guidance (ACG) for asthma, released in October 2020.
Yesterday
Daily intake of cow’s milk formula in early life helps prevent the development of cow’s milk allergy later on without competing with breastfeeding, a recent study has found.

Faecal transplant shows promise in type 1 diabetes

11 Dec 2020

Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) prolongs residual beta cell function in patients with new-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D), according to a study.

A total of 20 adult patients received three consecutive FMTs administered over a period of 4 months. The transplant was autologous in 10 patients and allogenic (donor) in the other 10. Baseline characteristics were similar in the two groups.

At month 12, beta cell function was assessed using stimulated C peptide levels during mixed-meal tests. Results showed that autologous FMT significantly preserved stimulated C peptide levels compared with donor FMT.

Preserved residual beta cell function was linked to several microbiota-derived plasma metabolites and bacterial strains. Specifically, there was an inverse association observed for small intestinal Prevotella (p=0.02) and linear correlation for plasma metabolites 1-arachidonoyl-GPC and 1-myristoyl-2-arachidonoyl-GPC levels (p=0.01 and p=0.042, respectively).

Baseline CD4 +CXCR3+T cell counts, small intestinal Desulfovibrio piger levels, and CCL22 and CCL5 gene expression in duodenal biopsies emerged as predictors of preserved beta cell function following FMT irrespective of donor characteristics.

The present data indicate that FMT halts decline in endogenous insulin production in T1D patients within 12 months after disease onset. This provides insight into the role of gut microbiota in beta cell destruction seen in T1D.

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Most Read Articles
01 Dec 2020
Tetanus toxoid 5 Lf, diphtheria toxoid 2 Lf, pertussis toxoid 2.5 mcg, filamentous haemagglutinin 5 mcg, fimbriae types 2 and 3 5 mcg, pertactin 3 mcg
Dr. Hsu Li Yang, Dr. Tan Thuan Tong, Dr. Andrea Kwa, 08 Jan 2021
Antimicrobial resistance has become increasingly dire as the rapid emergence of drug resistance, especially gram-negative pathogens, has outpaced the development of new antibiotics. At a recent virtual symposium, Dr Hsu Li Yang, Vice Dean (Global Health) and Programme Leader (Infectious Diseases), NUS Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, presented epidemiological data on multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteria (GNB) in Asia, while Dr Tan Thuan Tong, Head and Senior Consultant, Department of Infectious Diseases, Singapore General Hospital (SGH), focused on the role of ceftazidime-avibactam in MDR GNB infections. Dr Andrea Kwa, Assistant Director of Research, Department of Pharmacy, SGH, joined the panel in an interactive fireside chat, to discuss challenges, practical considerations, and solutions in MDR gram-negative infections. This Pfizer-sponsored symposium was chaired by Dr Ng Shin Yi, Head and Senior Consultant of Surgical Intensive Care, SGH.
Pearl Toh, 26 Nov 2020
Inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) should be the mainstay of long-term asthma management — such is the key message of the latest Singapore ACE* Clinical Guidance (ACG) for asthma, released in October 2020.
Yesterday
Daily intake of cow’s milk formula in early life helps prevent the development of cow’s milk allergy later on without competing with breastfeeding, a recent study has found.