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12 Jun 2018
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Factors affecting adherence to HBV guidelines

04 Aug 2017
WHO urges global attention over increasing hepatitis mortality rates.

Regardless of practice setting, the rates of adherence to hepatitis B virus (HBV) guidelines are unsatisfactory and influenced by several provider, patient and practice factors, reports a study.

To assess provider knowledge, attitudes and barriers to HBV care and management practices, researchers surveyed providers across various healthcare settings in San Francisco, USA. They used multivariate analyses to identify factors related to recommended HBV screening, vaccination and disease monitoring.

A total of 277 providers responded to the survey. Of these, 42 percent reported performing HBV screening in >50 percent of at-risk patients and 49 percent reported performing HBV vaccination in >50 percent of eligible patients.

Most providers reported appropriate monitoring of a majority of HBV-infected patients with alanine aminotransferase (79 percent) and HBV viral load (67 percent) every 6 to 12 months. However, hepatocellular carcinoma screening was performed only in 49 percent.

HBV screening was significantly associated with the following provider factors: speaking an Asian language (odds ratio [OR], 3.27), offering HBV treatment (OR, 3.00), having >25 percent of Asian patients in practice (OR, 2.10), practicing in safety net settings (OR, 7.51) and having higher barrier score (OR, 0.74). In addition, provider factors associated with appropriate HBV monitoring were speaking an Asian language (OR, 3.43) and age (OR, 0.68/decade).

Hepatocellular carcinoma screening correlated with having >25 percent of patients speaking English as a second language (OR, 4.26) and practicing in safety net settings (OR, 0.14).

“This study reinforces the importance of engaging primary care providers in development, dissemination and implementation of evidence-based HBV practice guidelines,” researchers said.

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Most Read Articles
12 Jun 2018
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a safe procedure to perform on obese and morbidly obese patients, a recent study has shown.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 11 Jun 2018

Patients who received a combination of ticagrelor plus aspirin within 24 hours of undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) had significantly improved saphenous vein graft patency rates 1 year post-procedure compared with those who only received aspirin, according to findings of the DACAB* trial.

4 days ago
Higher activity of plasma xanthine oxidase appears to be linked to insulin resistance and liver dysfunction among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS), according to a recent Japan study.
4 days ago
Use of quetiapine among critically ill patients rarely leads to corrected QT (QTc) interval prolongation, reports a new study.