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22 Oct 2017
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01 Mar 2018
At a cardiology conference held in Hilton Kuala Lumpur, senior consultant cardiologist Dato’ Sri Dr Azhari Rosman spoke on the importance of non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non–HDL-C) and combination therapy as a novel approach in the management of atherogenic dyslipidemia (AD).
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Exposure to noise may increase risk of hypertension

02 Dec 2017

Exposure to noise appears to be a predictor of hypertension, with a positive dose-response association between them, according to integrated epidemiological evidence from a recent meta-analysis.

The authors searched PubMed and Embase from inception through December 2016 to identify observational epidemiological studies analysing the association between noise and risk of hypertension. They used a random effects model to combine the results of included studies. Dose-response meta-analysis was done to examine the potential dose-response relationship.

A total of 32 studies (five cohort studies, one case-control study and 26 cross-sectional studies) were included, which involved 264,678 participants.

Based on the pooled result, living or working in environment with noise exposure could heighten the risk of hypertension (odds ratio [OR], 1.62; 95 percent CI, 1.40 to 1.88). There was no evidence of a curve linear association between noise and hypertension risk.

A dose-response analysis revealed that the combined OR of hypertension was 1.06 (1.04 to 1.08) for an increase of per 10 dB(A).

“An increasing amount of original studies suggested that exposure to noise could be associated with the risk of hypertension, but the results remain inconsistent and inconclusive,” the authors noted.

One such study was conducted by Huang and colleagues. They conducted a meta-analysis of observational studies and found that aircraft noise could contribute to the prevalence of hypertension. However, the evidence was inconclusive due to several limitations in study populations, exposure characterization and adjustment for important confounders. [Noise Health 2015;17:93-7]

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Most Read Articles
22 Oct 2017
Drinking coffee, whether caffeinated or decaffeinated, is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality in patients with a prior myocardial infarction (MI), according to a recent study.
01 Mar 2018
At a cardiology conference held in Hilton Kuala Lumpur, senior consultant cardiologist Dato’ Sri Dr Azhari Rosman spoke on the importance of non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non–HDL-C) and combination therapy as a novel approach in the management of atherogenic dyslipidemia (AD).
23 Sep 2018
Supplementation with n−3 or omega-3 fatty acids does not help prevent serious vascular events in diabetic patients without evidence of cardiovascular disease at baseline, according to a study.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 11 Oct 2018

The risk of hospitalization due to heart failure was almost halved in patients with secondary mitral regurgitation who underwent transcatheter mitral valve repair plus medical therapy compared with those who underwent medical therapy alone, according to findings of the COAPT* trial.