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Elevated maternal osteocalcin during early pregnancy ups risk of low birthweight

08 Oct 2018

Elevated levels of maternal osteocalcin during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy may increase the risk of having low birthweight (LBW) infants, a recent study has found.

Researchers performed a nested case-control study of 230 mothers (mean age 28.0±5.0 years) with LBW babies and 382 control pregnant mothers (mean age 28.1±4.7 years). Participants were matched for infant gender, maternal age and gestational age at blood sampling. Binary logistic regression models were used to estimate the relationship between maternal serum osteocalcin and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and LBW.

Relative to women with first trimester maternal osteocalcin 11.32 ng/mL, those with elevated levels were significantly more likely to give birth to LBW babies (20 vs 40; adjusted odds ratio [OR], 2.29; 95 percent CI, 1.11–4.72; p=0.025).

No such effect was documented for maternal 25(OH)D. There were 25 LBW infants in those with serum concentrations 64.82 nmol/L, which was not significantly different than in those with high measured levels (n=35; adjusted OR, 1.39; 0.72–2.67; p=0.325).

During the second trimester, the effect of osteocalcin remained significant (adjusted OR, 1.59; 1.03–2.45; p=0.036) while serum 25(OH)D continued to be unrelated to LBW risk (adjusted OR, 1.06; 0.69–1.62; p=0.790).

By the third trimester, the relationship between LBW risk and osteocalcin was attenuated (adjusted OR, 1.05; 0.40–2.80; p=0.919).

That osteocalcin acts as a hormone that improves glucose uptake by the foetus may explain the present findings, though further studies are required to conclusively identify the underlying mechanisms, said researchers.

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Most Read Articles
Stephen Padilla, 14 Aug 2019
Early administration of recombinant human B-type natriuretic peptide (rhBNP) can lower the incidence of reperfusion injury for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who are receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) treatment, according to a China study.
11 Aug 2019
Intraoperative methylprednisolone does not appear to significantly prevent the incidence of death, cardiac arrest and other injuries in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, according to a recent study.
3 days ago
Pulmonary function has potential predictive value for future increases in arterial stiffness and its progression, as reported in a recent study.
2 days ago
Systolic blood pressure appears to have a strong association with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH) but not with unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA), whereas current smoking and female sex are risk factors for both conditions, a study has found.