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Elevated lupus risk seen in allergic rhinitis patients

27 Aug 2020

Patients with allergic rhinitis may risk developing systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), according to the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Researchers pooled data from eight relevant articles, of which seven were case control and one was a cohort study. The total population comprised 3,326,171 participants.

In a random-effect model, the risk of developing SLE was 40-percent higher in the presence of allergic rhinitis (odds ratio, 1.36, 95 percent confidence interval, 1.08–1.72). There was high heterogeneity observed among the included studies (I2, 80 percent), and the funnel plot indicated no publication bias.

While unclear, the mechanism by which allergic rhinitis patients are at risk of SLE possibly relates to the pathogenesis of the two diseases. Both allergic and autoimmune diseases entail immune dysregulation and increased inflammatory mediators. For instance, IgE, which is a known mediator in allergic rhinitis, may help activating both type 1 and type 2 helper T cells and contribute to chronic inflammation and amplification of autoantibody production and therefore trigger the development of SLE later in life. [Autoimmun Rev 2016;15:487-491; Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2011;11:378-387]

The “hygiene hypothesis” may also apply to the current observation, such that the lower incidence of infections and colonization of certain microorganism as a result of good hygiene may contribute to the increased risk of both allergic rhinitis and SLE. [Clin Exp Immunol 2010;160:1-9]

Finally, it is also possible that the genetic polymorphism of HLAB gene may cause immune dysregulation and loss of self-tolerance, making the carriers more susceptible to both allergic rhinitis and SLE. [J Allergy Clin Immunol 2017;140:771-781]

Additional experimental and translational studies are needed to better understand the pathogenesis of both allergic and autoimmune disorders.

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Most Read Articles
01 Dec 2020
Tetanus toxoid 5 Lf, diphtheria toxoid 2 Lf, pertussis toxoid 2.5 mcg, filamentous haemagglutinin 5 mcg, fimbriae types 2 and 3 5 mcg, pertactin 3 mcg
Dr. Hsu Li Yang, Dr. Tan Thuan Tong, Dr. Andrea Kwa, 08 Jan 2021
Antimicrobial resistance has become increasingly dire as the rapid emergence of drug resistance, especially gram-negative pathogens, has outpaced the development of new antibiotics. At a recent virtual symposium, Dr Hsu Li Yang, Vice Dean (Global Health) and Programme Leader (Infectious Diseases), NUS Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, presented epidemiological data on multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteria (GNB) in Asia, while Dr Tan Thuan Tong, Head and Senior Consultant, Department of Infectious Diseases, Singapore General Hospital (SGH), focused on the role of ceftazidime-avibactam in MDR GNB infections. Dr Andrea Kwa, Assistant Director of Research, Department of Pharmacy, SGH, joined the panel in an interactive fireside chat, to discuss challenges, practical considerations, and solutions in MDR gram-negative infections. This Pfizer-sponsored symposium was chaired by Dr Ng Shin Yi, Head and Senior Consultant of Surgical Intensive Care, SGH.
Tristan Manalac, Yesterday
While antibody titres against SARS-CoV-2 wane with time, the immune system is capable of producing memory B-cells that can last for at least 6 months after infection, suggesting that the body will be able to protect itself in the case of re-exposure, according to a new study.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 5 days ago
Spending too much time sitting cannot be good for the body, and rising to one's feet breaks up such a behaviour and yields small, but meaningful, reductions in certain cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, according to the results of a meta-analysis.