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Elastic band resistance training improves muscle mass, physical function in older females

10 Feb 2018

Elastic band resistance training (ERT) is associated with improvements in muscle mass, physical function and muscle quality in elderly females, a recent study has shown.

Researchers randomized 56 elderly females (mean age 67.3±5.1 years) to receive 12 weeks of ERT (n=33) or a no-exercise control intervention (n=23). Lean mass, physical capacity and quality of life were assessed at baseline and at 3- and 9-month follow-up.

Relative to the controls, the ERT intervention resulted in significant improvements in appendicular lean mass at the 3-month (adjusted mean difference [MD], 0.99; 95 percent CI, 0.33–1.66; p<0.01) but not at the 9-month (adjusted MD, 0.49; –0.05 to 1.04) follow-up.

Appendicular mass index was significantly improved at both the 3-month (adjusted MD, 0.31; 0.03–0.61) and 9-month (adjusted MD, 0.21; 0.01–0.42; p<0.05 for both) follow-up. Total skeletal mass also significantly increased at both 3- and 9-month follow-up (adjusted MD, 0.70; 0.12–1.28; p<0.05 and adjusted MD, 0.72; 0.21–1.23; p<0.01, respectively).

The ERT intervention also improved physical capacity. At the 3-month follow-up, those who received the ERT walked faster by 0.14 m/s and reached further by 7.46 cm compared with controls. Both measures reached statistical significance (p<0.05 and p<0.001).

In the single leg stance test, balance was significantly greater by 9.71 s (p<0.001) in the ERT group. Scores in the Timed Up & Go test also improved significantly by 1.64 s (p<0.001).

The ERT group also showed significant improvements from baseline in the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 Questionnaire scores at both the 3-month (MD, 13.00; 5.03–20.98; p<0.01) and 9-month (MD, 13.62; 6.47–20.76; p<0.001) follow-up.

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Most Read Articles
5 days ago
Cardiac biomarkers are useful for identifying community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients with an elevated risk of early and long-term cardiovascular (CV) events, according to a study.
2 days ago
Tofogliflozin is safe and effective for elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), regardless of insulin and oral antidiabetic drugs, reports a new Japan study.
17 Aug 2019
Pulmonary function has potential predictive value for future increases in arterial stiffness and its progression, as reported in a recent study.
6 days ago
Systolic blood pressure appears to have a strong association with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH) but not with unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA), whereas current smoking and female sex are risk factors for both conditions, a study has found.