Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 2 days ago

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Rachel Soon, 4 days ago

Gels utilizing Stichopus horrens (golden sea cucumber/gamat) extract show a similar efficacy to standard-of-care hydrogels for promoting wound healing, according to a prospective study.

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Elastic band resistance training improves muscle mass, physical function in older females

10 Feb 2018

Elastic band resistance training (ERT) is associated with improvements in muscle mass, physical function and muscle quality in elderly females, a recent study has shown.

Researchers randomized 56 elderly females (mean age 67.3±5.1 years) to receive 12 weeks of ERT (n=33) or a no-exercise control intervention (n=23). Lean mass, physical capacity and quality of life were assessed at baseline and at 3- and 9-month follow-up.

Relative to the controls, the ERT intervention resulted in significant improvements in appendicular lean mass at the 3-month (adjusted mean difference [MD], 0.99; 95 percent CI, 0.33–1.66; p<0.01) but not at the 9-month (adjusted MD, 0.49; –0.05 to 1.04) follow-up.

Appendicular mass index was significantly improved at both the 3-month (adjusted MD, 0.31; 0.03–0.61) and 9-month (adjusted MD, 0.21; 0.01–0.42; p<0.05 for both) follow-up. Total skeletal mass also significantly increased at both 3- and 9-month follow-up (adjusted MD, 0.70; 0.12–1.28; p<0.05 and adjusted MD, 0.72; 0.21–1.23; p<0.01, respectively).

The ERT intervention also improved physical capacity. At the 3-month follow-up, those who received the ERT walked faster by 0.14 m/s and reached further by 7.46 cm compared with controls. Both measures reached statistical significance (p<0.05 and p<0.001).

In the single leg stance test, balance was significantly greater by 9.71 s (p<0.001) in the ERT group. Scores in the Timed Up & Go test also improved significantly by 1.64 s (p<0.001).

The ERT group also showed significant improvements from baseline in the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 Questionnaire scores at both the 3-month (MD, 13.00; 5.03–20.98; p<0.01) and 9-month (MD, 13.62; 6.47–20.76; p<0.001) follow-up.

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 2 days ago

A subgroup of patients with HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection who ceased their long-term nucleotide analogue treatment maintained virological suppression, pointing to a group of patients who may be suitable for treatment cessation, according to a recent study.

Rachel Soon, 4 days ago

Gels utilizing Stichopus horrens (golden sea cucumber/gamat) extract show a similar efficacy to standard-of-care hydrogels for promoting wound healing, according to a prospective study.

2 days ago
Higher cancer symptom burden in elderly adults is associated with functional impairment, reports a recent study.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 6 days ago
Use of mirabegron in the treatment of men with overactive bladder (OAB) appears to effectively alleviate urgency and storage symptoms, but not reduce the frequency of micturition episodes, according to data from the MIRACLE study.