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Drops in family income tied to child’s problem behaviours

07 Oct 2019
How much should be spent today and how much more should be kept aside for future planning and spending

Families who experience a drop in the equivalized disposable household income (EHDI) are also more likely to witness their children’s problem behaviour, a recent study has found.

Drawing from the Korean Welfare Panel Study, researchers obtained pertinent data of 688 school-aged children (mean age, 11.9±0.9 years; 360 boys) and their families’ EHDI level. Children’s behavioural problems were assessed using the Korean version of the Child Behaviour Checklist (K-CBCL).

The mean K-CBCL score in the study sample was 15.6±12.2. Majority (44.1 percent) of the families did not experience any change in EHDI between the years 2006 and 2009, and 2009 to 2012. In comparison, 4.6 percent and 29.4 percent experienced high and low EHDI increases, while 5.6 percent and 16.4 percent had high and low EHDI decreases, respectively.

Generalized linear mixed models showed that relative to those with no EHDI change, children belonging to families that experienced great drops in EHDI were significantly more likely to start manifesting problem behaviours (β, 0.21±0.09; p=0.016). No such effect was reported for other EHDI change levels.

Subsequent subgroup analysis further revealed that both a high (β, 0.28±0.14; p=0.048) and low (β, 0.32±0.15; p=0.038) drop in EHDI was significantly associated with problem behaviour in girls but not in boys. EHDI decreases were also detrimental for children who did not hold part-time jobs (high: β, 0.26±0.10; p=0.007) and who had middle-level academic achievements (high: β, 0.35±0.15; p=0.019; low: β, 0.33±0.15; p=0.03).

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Most Read Articles
2 days ago
The use of capsule endoscopy (CE) appears to be effective in the diagnosis of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA), yielding a 33.9-percent yield in this study, with 65.8 percent of patients undergoing further workup and 12.7 percent requiring therapeutic intervention.
Tristan Manalac, Yesterday
Minimally invasive pancreatectomy (MIP) offers a feasible alternative to open pancreatectomy (OP) for the treatment of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PNEN), according to a recent Singapore study has found.
17 May 2020
Increased coffee consumption among regular drinkers is associated with higher estimated glomerular filtration rate and confers protection against the risk of chronic kidney disease stages G3–G5 and albuminuria, as shown in a study.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 16 May 2020
Excess weight, greater abdominal fat, inflammation and low physical performance can all contribute to insulin resistance in middle-age Singaporean women, and these variables explain why the condition is more common among women of Chinese than Malay and Indian ethnicities, a study has found.