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Diffuse hyperpigmentation in systemic sclerosis tied to digital ulcers

05 Feb 2019

There appears to be a link between diffuse hyperpigmentation and the occurrence of digital ulcers in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), a recent study has shown.

In 239 SSc patients enrolled (mean age 59.7±12.8 years; 74.5 percent female), five patterns of skin pigmentation were identified: diffuse hyperpigmentation; hyperpigmentation of areas exposed to the sun; hypopigmentation of the face, neck and/or chest; acral hypopigmentation; and diffuse hypopigmentation.

Majority (70.7 percent; n=169) of the participants had limited cutaneous SSc, while the remaining 29.3 percent (n=70) were classified as having diffuse cutaneous SSc. Eighty-eight patients (36.8 percent) had skin pigmentation disorders, of which 58 and 35 were cases of hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation, respectively. The mean Modified Rodnan skin score (MRSS) was 9.4.

Diffuse SSc occurred with significantly greater frequency in patients with hyperpigmentation (p=0.003), particularly in those with diffuse hyperpigmentation (p=0.001). Diffuse hyperpigmentation was also significantly correlated with a higher MRSS (p=0.001).

In terms of clinical features, the mean duration of Raynaud phenomenon was significantly shorter in patients with vs without hyperpigmentation (10.3±8.6 vs 17.9±13.3 years; p=0.0001).

Moreover, vascular involvement, particularly the presence of digital ulcers (p<0.01 for both), was significantly more common in those with diffuse hyperpigmentation. The same was true for interstitial lung disease (p<0.05) and pericarditis (p<0.01).

Multivariate logistic regression analysis further confirmed the significant link between vascular involvement and diffuse hyperpigmentation (odds ratio, 2.96; 95 percent CI, 1.28–6.89).

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Most Read Articles
5 days ago
No association exists between physical activity and the risk of urological cancer, according to a population-based prospective study in Japan.
6 days ago
Patients with childhood-onset inflammatory bowel disease are more likely to die than the general population, a study suggests.
6 days ago
Reduced caloric intake results in a significant improvement in glucose metabolism and body-fat composition, including liver-fat content, according to a study. Changes in ferritin levels appear to mediate the striking reduction in liver fat.
Pearl Toh, 15 Feb 2019
A latest study at ISC 2019 shows that even patients with large-core stroke damage can have a good outcome after mechanical clot removal with endovascular thrombectomy (EVT), depending on the size of the infarct and time lapses between stroke onset and treatment.