Most Read Articles
03 Sep 2018
Dietary nicotinamide riboside (NR) supplementation in 2,000-mg doses daily over a 12-week period is safe, a recent study has shown. However, it does not improve insulin sensitivity and whole-body glucose metabolism in obese, insulin-resistant men.
01 Oct 2015
Type 1 diabetes mellitus occurrence among the paediatric population is fast rising, especially among 5-9-year olds, based on a 26-year observational study.
07 Apr 2016
Radha Chitale spoke with Dr. Kim A. Williams, Sr., who served as the 2015-2016 president of the American College of Cardiology, during the organization's annual meeting in Chicago, Illinois, US as he reflected on his term and discussed what's exciting in cardiology. 
Dr. Joseph Delano Fule Robles, 25 Jul 2018

Prior to considering pharmacotherapy or surgery, weight reduction can be achieved through dietary modification and management of meal habits, sleep hours and stress.

Diabetes mellitus ups risk of hospital-acquired infections in burn injury patients

09 Mar 2018

In patients admitted for burn injuries, diabetes mellitus (DM) significantly increases the risk of hospital-acquired infections (HAI) but does not seem to affect the risk of mortality, a recent study has shown.

The study included 5,539 adult patients who were admitted to a hospital for burn injuries and whose records were accessed to identify DM cases. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to determine the risk of 30- and 60-day mortality and HAIs.

The percentage of participants who were diagnosed with DM was 11.8 percent (n=655), which grew significantly over time (p=0.01). Contact burns (8.9 percent vs 4.7 percent; p0.0001) and inhalational injuries (11.0 percent vs 8.1 percent; p=0.01) were significantly more common in diabetics vs nondiabetics.

There were 4,426 patients (79.9 percent) who were hospitalized for at least 2 days and were at risk of infection, of whom 8.5 percent (n=378) developed at least one HAI. Significantly more diabetic patients developed at least one HAI (9.9 percent vs 6.4 percent; p=0.0008), but the overall number of infections was statistically similar between the two patient groups (p=0.96).

After adjusting for hospitalization length and other potential confounders, patients with DM were significantly more likely to get an HAI vs those without DM (risk ratio, 2.07; 95 percent CI, 1.28–6.79).

In contrast, even after complete adjustments, 30- and 60-day mortality rates were comparable between burn patients with and without DM. The risks of mortality after 30 and 60 days were similar between patient groups. There were 243 in-hospital deaths recorded.

Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Endocrinology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
03 Sep 2018
Dietary nicotinamide riboside (NR) supplementation in 2,000-mg doses daily over a 12-week period is safe, a recent study has shown. However, it does not improve insulin sensitivity and whole-body glucose metabolism in obese, insulin-resistant men.
01 Oct 2015
Type 1 diabetes mellitus occurrence among the paediatric population is fast rising, especially among 5-9-year olds, based on a 26-year observational study.
07 Apr 2016
Radha Chitale spoke with Dr. Kim A. Williams, Sr., who served as the 2015-2016 president of the American College of Cardiology, during the organization's annual meeting in Chicago, Illinois, US as he reflected on his term and discussed what's exciting in cardiology. 
Dr. Joseph Delano Fule Robles, 25 Jul 2018

Prior to considering pharmacotherapy or surgery, weight reduction can be achieved through dietary modification and management of meal habits, sleep hours and stress.