Delayed cord clamping may increase Hb levels in VLBW infants

Elaine Soliven
19 May 2021
Delayed cord clamping may increase Hb levels in VLBW infants

Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants who received delayed cord clamping (DCC) for 45 seconds had a significantly higher haemoglobin (Hb) level than those who received immediate cord clamping (ICC), according to a study presented at PAS 2021.

The researchers conducted a retrospective study involving VLBW infants who received DCC for 45 seconds (n=188) or ICC (n=554). At baseline, birth weight was similar between groups (1,070 and 1,060 grams, respectively), as was gestational age (29 and 28 weeks, respectively). Of the DCC and ICC groups, 43.1 percent and 54.3 percent, respectively, were born via Caesarean section (CS). [PAS 2021, abstract 4320-PL-QA.5]

Compared with those who received ICC, infants who received DCC had a significantly higher Hb level at birth (15.9 vs 14.9 g/dL; p=0.001) and at close to discharge (10.7 vs 10.1 g/dL; p<0.001).

Infants in the DCC group also had a significantly higher haematocrit level at birth and at close to discharge than those in the ICC group (46.1 percent vs 43.9 percent; p<0.001 and 31.9 percent vs 29.9 percent; p<0.001, respectively).

In addition, infants in the DCC group were less likely to require blood transfusion compared with those in the ICC group (39.4 percent vs 54.9 percent; p=0.003).

In the DCC group, there were no differences in Hb levels between infants born via CS or vaginal delivery, be it at birth (16.1 vs 15.7 g/dL) or at close to discharge (10.9 vs 10.6 g/dL). There were also no between-group differences in the need for blood transfusion (24 percent vs 50 percent).

“In our cohort, delivery by CS was not associated with less efficient placental transfusion,” said lead author Dr Barbara Amendolia from Cooper University Hospital in Camden, New Jersey, US.

However, gestational age among the DCC recipients was significantly higher among infants born via CS than those born via vaginal delivery (30 vs 28 weeks; p<0.001).

Preterm morbidities, such as late-onset sepsis (8.5 percent vs 12.6 percent), severe intraventricular haemorrhage (10.6 percent vs 8.7 percent), and necrotizing enterocolitis (7.8 percent vs 5.6 percent), were comparable between the DCC and ICC groups.

“[In conclusion,] we found that 45 seconds is enough time to increase Hb and haematocrit [levels] at birth and at discharge in VLBW infants,” said Amendolia.

“[In addition,] DCC was associated with decreased need for blood transfusions and 45 seconds was efficient in improving Hb and haematocrit [levels] at birth and at discharge in VLBW infants born by Caesarean mode of delivery.”

“[The 45-second DCC has already been] implemented at our centre [since] August 2016,” she noted.

 

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