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DASH diet lowers risk of gout in men

09 Jul 2017

The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is effective in reducing uric acid concentrations and risks of gout in males, a new prospective cohort study reveals. In contrast, Western diets up the risk of gout.

A cohort of 44,444 males aged between 40 and 75 years and without histories of gout were divided into groups of five according to DASH and Western diet scores.

Compared with the lowest fifth, those in the second (relative risk [RR],0.90; 95 percent CI, 0.79 to 1.04), third (RR, 0.87; 0.76 to 1.01), fourth (RR, 0.82; 0.70 to 0.95) and highest (RR, 0.68; 0.57 to 0.80) fifth of DASH scores had lower risks of gout after controlling for potential confounders (p<0.001 for trend).

In contrast, those in the second (RR, 1.09; 0.93 to 1.28), third (RR, 1.15; 0.98 to 1.36) fourth (RR, 1.12; 0.94 to 1.33) and highest (RR, 1.42; 1.16 to 1.74) fifth of Western diet scores showed higher risks of gout compared with the lowest fifth after controlling for confounders (p=0.005 for trend).

Similarly, stratifying the participants according to BMI, alcohol use and hypertension showed a reduction in the risk of gout with increasing DASH scores.

Participant data were obtained from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study excluding those that did not have complete dietary information. Diets were examined every 4 years and assigned corresponding DASH scores giving preference to high intake of fruits, vegetables and whole grains, and low intake of saturated fats, sodium and processed meats.

On the other hand, scoring for Western diet scores gave preference to high intakes of red and processed meats, desserts, sweets and refined grains.

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Most Read Articles
Jairia Dela Cruz, 4 days ago
Even small risk reductions achieved with improved air quality afford health benefits similar to that gained with smoking and systolic hypertension control, according to a study in an urban China population.
4 days ago
The degree of left atrial (LA) remodeling predicts atrial tachycardia (AT) recurrence rather than atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence following catheter ablation of AF, a recent study has shown.
13 Jun 2017
Both haemorrhagic and ischaemic stroke patients benefit similarly from a conventional therapy combined with robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT) intervention regimen, a new study shows.
Tristan Manalac, 3 days ago
Consumption of peanuts, walnuts and tree nuts appears to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to recent large prospective cohort studies.