Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 03 Sep 2018

The rate of syphilis reactivity appears to be higher in individuals with dementia compared with those without the condition, a Singapore study has found.

12 Jun 2019
Urogenital infections remain a major reason for women to visit their family physician and their subsequent referral to obstetrics and gynaecology or urology specialists. The association between abnormal vaginal microbiota and an increased risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), as well as an increased rate of preterm labour, indicates the need to better understand and manage urogenital health in women. Probiotics are “live microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host”. As such, there is a sound rationale for using probiotics to maintain female vaginal and bladder health.
Tristan Manalac, 3 days ago
Elderly coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with high nutritional risk appear to suffer worse outcomes, such as longer hospital stay and greater disease severity, according to a recent study.
01 Jan 2019
Twice-daily administration of a combined Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Lactobacillus helveticus probiotic in children with suspected gastroenteritis fails to prevent the development of moderate-to-severe gastroenteritis within 2 weeks after presentation, as shown in a recent study.

COVID-19 mortality: Are men more vulnerable than women?

03 Jun 2020

More men than women die from SARS-CoV-2 infection, although it remains uncertain whether this difference is driven by biological dissimilarities between the sexes, or disparities in behavioural habits or in rates of comorbidities, according to a study.

Researchers conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of 48 studies evaluating susceptibility to the SARS-CoV-2 infection and the concomitant risk of death. All the included studies presented data by sex, either for prevalence of positive tests, or hospitalization or deaths. There was neither study evaluation nor quantification synthesis due to the large heterogeneity among the studies.

Pooled data showed that worldwide, the proportion of men and women who tested positive for the infection was comparable. However, hospitalization rates and number of ICU admissions were higher among men than women in all countries which reported them. Of note, almost three-fourths (73 percent) of all ICU admissions throughout Europe were for men.

Reports from most early publications from China reported that compared with women, men were three times more likely to present prolonged SARS-CoV-2 RNA shedding, had twice the risk of developing kidney disease, as well as more frequently presented with refractory pneumonia and metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). Likewise, in the Seattle and New York areas more men were admitted to the ICU.

In terms of mortality, while reported death rates varied tremendously between countries, almost all of the data that broke numbers down by gender revealed a greater proportion of deaths among male than female COVID-19 patients. This was true even in countries where fewer male cases were reported.

In light of the findings, the researchers called for the reporting of data by age, gender, and comorbidities, as this may have implications for vaccination strategies, the choice of treatments, and future consequences for long-term health issues concerning gender equality.

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 03 Sep 2018

The rate of syphilis reactivity appears to be higher in individuals with dementia compared with those without the condition, a Singapore study has found.

12 Jun 2019
Urogenital infections remain a major reason for women to visit their family physician and their subsequent referral to obstetrics and gynaecology or urology specialists. The association between abnormal vaginal microbiota and an increased risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), as well as an increased rate of preterm labour, indicates the need to better understand and manage urogenital health in women. Probiotics are “live microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host”. As such, there is a sound rationale for using probiotics to maintain female vaginal and bladder health.
Tristan Manalac, 3 days ago
Elderly coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with high nutritional risk appear to suffer worse outcomes, such as longer hospital stay and greater disease severity, according to a recent study.
01 Jan 2019
Twice-daily administration of a combined Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Lactobacillus helveticus probiotic in children with suspected gastroenteritis fails to prevent the development of moderate-to-severe gastroenteritis within 2 weeks after presentation, as shown in a recent study.