Most Read Articles
Kathlin Ambrose, 12 Nov 2015
The outcome for patients experiencing out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest (OSCA) remains very poor in Malaysia. Local data shows that return of spontaneous circulation in OSCA patients stands at 17.4 percent, while survival to ward is a mere 4.3 percent. [Med J Malaysia 2008; 63:4–8]
Tristan Manalac, 2 days ago
Contrary to conventional knowledge, consumption of dairy products appears to reduce the risk of major cardiovascular disease events and mortality, according to a recent multinational study.
Pearl Toh, 17 Sep 2018
Lifestyle interventions incorporating diet and exercise slash the need for antihypertensive medications by more than half among overweight or obese adults with high blood pressure (BP), according to a secondary analysis of the ENCORE trial presented at the Joint Hypertension 2018 Scientific Sessions.
Christina Lau, 31 Aug 2018

Daily low-dose aspirin is not beneficial for primary prevention of cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with diabetes or moderate CV risk, according to results of the ASCNED and ARRIVE trials reported at the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Congress 2018.

Community-based on par with hospital-based intensive cardiac rehabilitation programme

12 Sep 2018

A 12-week community-based intensive cardiac rehabilitation programme results in significant positive changes in several measures of cardiac risk, with only one adverse event, a recent study has shown.

Individuals seeking either primary or secondary coronary artery disease prevention voluntarily enrolled in the 12-week intensive cardiac rehabilitation programme. The authors obtained data at baseline and 6–12 months after programme completion.

Of the 142 participants (mean age 69 years) who completed the Heart Series between 2012 and 2016, 105 (74 percent) had available follow-up data.

There were statistically significant improvements in mean weight (165–162 lbs; p=0.0005), body mass index (26–25 kg/m2; p=0.001), systolic blood pressure (126–122 mm Hg; p=0.01), diastolic blood pressure (73–70 mm Hg; p=0.0005), total cholesterol (175–168 mg/dL; p=0.03), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C; 100–93 mg/dL; p=0.005), LDL-C/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio (1.8–1.6; p=0.005), and cholesterol/HDL-C ratio (3.2–3.0; p=0.003).

Although changes in HDL-C, triglycerides and fasting blood glucose did not reach statistical significance, all trended in favourable directions. Furthermore, there were rare adverse cardiovascular disease outcomes (one stent placement; no deaths).

“These results compare favourably with those of hospital-based and academic institutional programmes,” the authors said.

In a previous 3-month, multifactorial cardiac rehabilitation programme that incorporated exercise training, risk factor modification, education and psychosocial support, researchers found that the minority of cardiac rehabilitation patients were women. However, they appeared to benefit equally well from the programme. [Can J Cardiol 2000;16:319-325]

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Most Read Articles
Kathlin Ambrose, 12 Nov 2015
The outcome for patients experiencing out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest (OSCA) remains very poor in Malaysia. Local data shows that return of spontaneous circulation in OSCA patients stands at 17.4 percent, while survival to ward is a mere 4.3 percent. [Med J Malaysia 2008; 63:4–8]
Tristan Manalac, 2 days ago
Contrary to conventional knowledge, consumption of dairy products appears to reduce the risk of major cardiovascular disease events and mortality, according to a recent multinational study.
Pearl Toh, 17 Sep 2018
Lifestyle interventions incorporating diet and exercise slash the need for antihypertensive medications by more than half among overweight or obese adults with high blood pressure (BP), according to a secondary analysis of the ENCORE trial presented at the Joint Hypertension 2018 Scientific Sessions.
Christina Lau, 31 Aug 2018

Daily low-dose aspirin is not beneficial for primary prevention of cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with diabetes or moderate CV risk, according to results of the ASCNED and ARRIVE trials reported at the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Congress 2018.