Most Read Articles
3 days ago
The types of bariatric surgery differentially affect the risk of developing acute pancreatitis postoperatively, such that the risk is greater in patients who undergo vertical sleeve gastrectomy vs Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, according to a study. Risk factors include younger age and presence of gallstones.
14 Oct 2018
Elderly adults using hypoglycaemic glucose-lowering drugs, such as insulin and glinides, have an excess risk of hospitalization for serious trauma, a recent study has found.
Yesterday
Concomitant use of psyllium fibres, taken before meals, appears to enhance the cholesterol-lowering effects of statins, according to a recent meta-analysis.
4 days ago
Smoking appears to increase the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm, particularly among current smokers, reports a recent meta-analysis. The risk appears to taper with a lower number of cigarette sticks smoked per day.

Coffee drinkers at low risk of incident chronic kidney disease

18 Apr 2018

Higher intake levels of coffee appear to be associated with reduced risk of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.

A total of 14,209 ARIC participants aged 45–64 years completed food frequency questionnaires to determine coffee consumption. Nineteen percent almost never drank coffee, 21 percent drank <1 cup/day, 25 percent drank 1 to <2 cups/day, 15 percent drank 2 to <3 cups/day and 19 percent drank 3 or more cups per day. Coffee intake levels per day were more likely to be higher in men, whites and current smokers.

During a median follow-up of 24 years, 3,845 individuals developed CKD (defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, accompanied by ≥25-percent decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate, CKD-related hospitalization or death, or end-stage renal disease).

Compared with never-consumers, individuals with higher coffee intake levels had reduced risk of incident CKD (<1 cup/day: hazard ratio [HR], 0.90; 95 percent CI, 0.82–0.99; 1 to <2 cups/day: HR, 0.90; 0.82–0.99; 2 to <3 cups/day: HR, 0.87; 0.77-0.97; and ≥3 cups/day: HR, 0.84; 0.75–0.94).

Furthermore, each additional cup of coffee consumed per day lowered the risk of incident CKD by 3 percent (HR, 0.97; 0.95–0.99; p<0.001).

The present data support the 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which recommend incorporating three to five cups of coffee per day into a healthy lifestyle, researchers said. [http://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015/guidelines/]

However, the study might be limited by self-reported coffee consumption and observational design. More studies are needed to evaluate whether coffee preparation methods, and sugar and milk added to coffee influence the renal protection obtained from consuming coffee, researchers added.

Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Doctor - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
3 days ago
The types of bariatric surgery differentially affect the risk of developing acute pancreatitis postoperatively, such that the risk is greater in patients who undergo vertical sleeve gastrectomy vs Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, according to a study. Risk factors include younger age and presence of gallstones.
14 Oct 2018
Elderly adults using hypoglycaemic glucose-lowering drugs, such as insulin and glinides, have an excess risk of hospitalization for serious trauma, a recent study has found.
Yesterday
Concomitant use of psyllium fibres, taken before meals, appears to enhance the cholesterol-lowering effects of statins, according to a recent meta-analysis.
4 days ago
Smoking appears to increase the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm, particularly among current smokers, reports a recent meta-analysis. The risk appears to taper with a lower number of cigarette sticks smoked per day.