Most Read Articles
Jairia Dela Cruz, 6 days ago
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Coffee consumption lowers risk of CVD, IHD mortality in MI patients

22 Oct 2017

Drinking coffee, whether caffeinated or decaffeinated, is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality in patients with a prior myocardial infarction (MI), according to a recent study.

In this prospective study, researchers included 4,365 Dutch patients from the Alpha Omega Cohort (aged 60 to 80 years; 21 percent female) who suffered from an MI <10 years before study enrollment. They collected dietary data at baseline (2002 to 2006), including coffee consumption over the past month, with a 203-item validated food-frequency questionnaire.

Causes of death were monitored until 1 January 2013. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were used, adjusting for lifestyle and dietary factors, to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality in categories of coffee consumption.

Of the patients, 96 percent drank coffee, with a median of 375 mL/d (about 3 cups a day) total intake. A total of 945 patients died, including 396 CVD-related and 266 IHD-related deaths, during a median 7.1 years of follow-up.

An inverse association was observed between coffee consumption and CVD mortality, with HRs of 0.69 (95 percent CI, 0.54 to 0.89) for >2 to 4 cups/d and 0.72 (0.55 to 0.95) for >4 cups/d, compared with 0 to 2 cups/d. Corresponding HRs were 0.77 (0.57 to 1.05) and 0.68 (0.48 to 0.95) for IHD-related mortality and 0.84 (0.71 to 1.00) and 0.82 (0.68 to 0.98) for all-cause mortality, respectively.

There were similar associations for decaffeinated coffee and for coffee with additives.

“Consumption of coffee, one of the most popular beverages around the world, has been associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in population-based studies,” according to researchers. 

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Most Read Articles
Jairia Dela Cruz, 6 days ago
Taking 10 resting blood pressure (BP) readings daily for 2 days provides a reliable, stable representation of patients’ resting systolic (S)BP and diastolic (D)BP, according to a study. This approach shows that the current home BP monitoring protocol of twice-daily readings for 4–7 days may be trimmed down to just 48 hours.
Pearl Toh, 6 days ago
Impaired endothelial-dependent microvascular reactivity appears to be predictive of albuminuria progression in Asian patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who have normal urine albumin levels at baseline, but not in those with microalbuminuria, a prospective longitudinal cohort study suggests.
20 Dec 2017
Interview with Prof Peter Sever: The nocebo response during statin therapy
6 days ago
Active and high-dose statin use appears to change atherosclerotic plaque composition from having a vulnerable lipid core to a more stable calcified plaque, a recent study has found.