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Coffee consumption lowers risk of CVD, IHD mortality in MI patients

22 Oct 2017

Drinking coffee, whether caffeinated or decaffeinated, is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality in patients with a prior myocardial infarction (MI), according to a recent study.

In this prospective study, researchers included 4,365 Dutch patients from the Alpha Omega Cohort (aged 60 to 80 years; 21 percent female) who suffered from an MI <10 years before study enrollment. They collected dietary data at baseline (2002 to 2006), including coffee consumption over the past month, with a 203-item validated food-frequency questionnaire.

Causes of death were monitored until 1 January 2013. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were used, adjusting for lifestyle and dietary factors, to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality in categories of coffee consumption.

Of the patients, 96 percent drank coffee, with a median of 375 mL/d (about 3 cups a day) total intake. A total of 945 patients died, including 396 CVD-related and 266 IHD-related deaths, during a median 7.1 years of follow-up.

An inverse association was observed between coffee consumption and CVD mortality, with HRs of 0.69 (95 percent CI, 0.54 to 0.89) for >2 to 4 cups/d and 0.72 (0.55 to 0.95) for >4 cups/d, compared with 0 to 2 cups/d. Corresponding HRs were 0.77 (0.57 to 1.05) and 0.68 (0.48 to 0.95) for IHD-related mortality and 0.84 (0.71 to 1.00) and 0.82 (0.68 to 0.98) for all-cause mortality, respectively.

There were similar associations for decaffeinated coffee and for coffee with additives.

“Consumption of coffee, one of the most popular beverages around the world, has been associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in population-based studies,” according to researchers. 

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Most Read Articles
01 Mar 2015
Red yeast rice extracts have been used in traditional medicine for centuries.1 In recent times, an extract from red yeast rice, Xuezhikang® (XZK), has been studied for its role in dyslipidaemia and cardiovascular disease. This review will look at some of the clinical trials that have done so.
26 Apr 2017
Prestroke treatment with beta-blockers for hypertensive patients with acute ischaemic stroke does not appear to induce stroke severity, functional outcome or death, reports a recent study.
3 days ago
Enriching salt with both potassium and magnesium in the long term may provide additional benefits for stroke patient recovery from neurologic deficits, suggests a recent study involving Taiwanese patients.