Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 11 Sep 2019

Beta-blockers could reduce mortality risk in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and moderate or moderately-severe renal dysfunction without causing harm, according to the BB-META-HF* trial presented at ESC 2019.

Elvira Manzano, 2 days ago

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), in an update of its 2013 recommendations, called on clinicians to offer risk-reducing medications to women who are at increased risk for breast cancer but at low risk for adverse effects.

Pearl Toh, 3 days ago
The use of SGLT-2* inhibitors was not associated with a higher risk of severe or nonsevere urinary tract infections (UTIs) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with DPP**-4 inhibitors or GLP-1*** receptor agonists, a population-based cohort study shows.
14 Sep 2019
In type 2 diabetes patients taking sulfonylureas, hypoglycaemia duration is longer at night and is inversely correlated with the level of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), a new study reports.

Childhood respiratory tract infection promotes dental caries in young adulthood

19 Dec 2016

Respiratory tract infection in early life may play a part in the development of dental caries in early adulthood, a new study reports.

For the study, children born between January 1, 1984 and March 31, 1990 were recruited. An initial baseline population of 2,568 children were sent questionnaires by March 1991, which the parents accomplished.

A 6-year follow-up survey was conducted by March 1997 where the follow-up rate was found to be 77.3 percent. Last 2011, the 20-year follow-up was performed and the follow-up rate, relative to the baseline population, was 63.2 percent. Therefore, a total of 1,623 responses were recorded and used for the final analysis.

The primary outcome evaluated was the development of dental caries, as measured by the number of filled teeth. This was determined through a questionnaire.

Data on respiratory tract infection and subsequent corresponding hospitalization of the respondents were obtained from the National Hospital Discharge Register database. The respiratory tract infections included pneumonia and acute bronchitis.

Similarly, these data were collected using questionnaires administered at baseline. Among the infections included in the questionnaire were tonsillitis, common colds, acute bronchitis, acute otitis media and pneumonia.

Information regarding age, second-hand exposure to tobacco smoke from birth to three years of age, socioeconomic status at baseline, gender and preterm birth was also collected to account for covariates.

From the analysis, it was found that the young adults who had lower respiratory tract infection leading to hospitalization before the age of 2 had 1.4 more mean number of filled teeth than those who had not.

Those who experienced lower respiratory tract infection before 7 years of age also had an absolute increase of 0.9 in the mean number of filled teeth. The adjusted relative excess was 1.3.

The findings imply that respiratory tract infections in childhood may play a role in the development of dental caries in early adulthood.

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 11 Sep 2019

Beta-blockers could reduce mortality risk in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and moderate or moderately-severe renal dysfunction without causing harm, according to the BB-META-HF* trial presented at ESC 2019.

Elvira Manzano, 2 days ago

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), in an update of its 2013 recommendations, called on clinicians to offer risk-reducing medications to women who are at increased risk for breast cancer but at low risk for adverse effects.

Pearl Toh, 3 days ago
The use of SGLT-2* inhibitors was not associated with a higher risk of severe or nonsevere urinary tract infections (UTIs) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with DPP**-4 inhibitors or GLP-1*** receptor agonists, a population-based cohort study shows.
14 Sep 2019
In type 2 diabetes patients taking sulfonylureas, hypoglycaemia duration is longer at night and is inversely correlated with the level of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), a new study reports.