Cardiovascular morbidities common in Myanmar
Cardiovascular morbidities, particularly angina, possible heart attack, heart failure and stroke, are highly prevalent in Myanmar, a new study has shown.
Surveys about cardiovascular diseases were administered to 600 adults above the age of 40 years from four towns in Myanmar. Data completeness and consistency were verified after the interviews. Questions were based on the Rose Angina Questionnaire and the EUROCISS Research Group. Individuals who were institutionalized and who were in poor health were excluded.
Any angina pectoris event was observed in 9.0 percent (n=387) of participants in the 40 to 59 age group and in 8.5 percent (n=213) in the >60 years age group. The overall prevalence of angina pectoris was 8.8 percent (n=600).
Notably, the prevalence in females (10 percent; n=428) was almost twice as high as in males (5.80 percent; n=172).
Possible myocardial infarction had a prevalence of 8.7 percent (n=600) and was also more common in females (9.8 percent; n=428) than in males (5.8 percent; n=172). Stroke, on the other hand, was more common in males (8.2 percent; n=172) than in females (6.1 percent; n=428) of all ages. The overall stroke prevalence in the study sample was 6.7 percent (n=600).
The overall prevalence of heart failure was 6.5 percent (n=600). Across all age groups, heart failure was more common in females (7.0 percent; n=428) than in males (5.2 percent; n=172).The findings revealed a high prevalence of cardiovascular morbidities across four towns in Myanmar and highlight the importance of community-based preventions and facility-based care, according to the researchers.